Difference between Genetic and Congenital

Genetic refers to conditions related to DNA, while congenital are those characteristics of a person that do not depend on their genetic inheritance but on the factors that influence the embryo’s stay in the womb.


Genes store the information necessary for cells to function properly in the body. All the genetic information that passes from generation to generation is stored in the DNA chains, defining characteristics such as hair color, height, skin and eye color, and more.

These characteristics are referred to by the term “genetic”. A genetic disease, disorder or disorder are pathological conditions caused by the alteration of a genome, that is, by the alteration of one or more genes.


The term congenital refers to traits or identities present at birth that have been acquired during intrauterine development. They can be caused by hereditary factors, physical (such as radiation), chemical (drugs or toxic substances ingested) or infectious (by diseases or viral infections).

All of the above factors can cause limb malformations, mental retardation, and blindness.

Difference Between Genetic and Congenital

  • When we refer to a genetic pathology we refer to everything that can affect genes or DNA.
  • When we refer to something congenital, we are referring to the characteristics or conditions with which a person is born and that do not depend on genetic inheritance but on the factors that influenced the embryo’s stay in the womb.
  • We can suffer from genetic diseases or, the gene can never manifest itself and pass to the next generation and if manifest. Everything will depend on the strength or weakness of your expression.
  • Congenital diseases arise in the womb and can be caused by DNA alteration (Down Syndrome) or not, due to exposure to infections, radiation, teratogenic drugs and toxic substances.

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