Difference between Fundamental Rights and Human Rights

Main difference

The main difference between Fundamental Rights and Human Rights is that Fundamental Rights are basic and country-specific rights while Human Rights are basic and permanent absolute rights that are constant throughout the world.

Fundamental rights versus human rights

Fundamental rights are the basic rights of the citizens of a country, while human rights are the rights of all human beings. Fundamental rights emerged from democratic societies; on the other hand, human rights are ideas of civilized nations. Fundamental rights are basic rights, while human rights are primary and indivisible rights.

Fundamental rights are specific to each region; on the other hand, human rights are the same in all regions. Fundamental rights are rights to freedom, either to live or to express oneself, while human rights are rights to life. Laws and judicial systems protect fundamental rights; on the contrary, the United Nations enforces human rights. The Constitution offers a guarantee of fundamental rights, while international human rights law is a protective shield of human rights. The government enforces fundamental rights; on the other hand, the international organization directs the government to implement human rights in a region.

Comparison chart

Fundamental rights Human rights
The fundamental rights of citizens defined by the constitution and the law are fundamental rights. The basic rights that all human beings have are human rights.
Ideas of a democratic society ideas of civilized nations
Only basic rights Basic and absolute rights
Country Specific Universal
Right to liberty Right to life
By law and judiciary By United Nations
Constitution International Law of human rights
the direct role cannot play a direct role

What are fundamental rights?

The rights based on the constitution and enforced by the Government are called fundamental rights. These rights are designed differently in a region and vary from country to country. Fundamental rights are worth nothing if they are not enforced. Over time, the legislators made many amendments to the constitution following the current situation and criteria. No one can ignore fundamental rights. A person can file a case in court if the government or the private sector deny their rights. It includes the right to a public trial, the right to collect evidence, and many more.

These rights include the safety of a person. A person has the right to live and enjoy freedom. No one can deprive you of your compliance with the law: slavery, work and things like that prohibited by law. Everyone has freedom of association, movement and assembly. Everyone has the freedom to access information related to public affairs. All people are equal under defined laws. Citizens can vote.

Equality is implemented in all aspects because it leads to a better society. For the eradication of selfishness in society, there must be a democratic government governed by the votes of the people. Freedom of communication is a fundamental right. The exchange of information is allowed; freedom of expression is essential by law. The purpose of the fundamental laws is to create harmony and social balance in the community.

What are human rights?

Human rights are rights of all human beings, regardless of their nationality, gender, residence, national or ethnic region, language, faith, skin tone or any other parameter. Without any discrimination, all human beings have these rights. These rights are inherited and undeniable. International laws lead to expression and its guarantee, in support of treaties, customary international law and some principles. The international organization ensures that the government must implement these laws to save the community from illegal actions.

Human rights are fundamental and universal rights, the core of international human rights law. In 1948, these laws were first declared and repeated in many conferences, resolutions, and other platforms. These rights are undeniable but can be taken under certain conditions as if a person were guilty of the crime or any illegal act; her freedom ends for a specified period. These rights are not dependent and inseparable. These rights include freedom of life, expression, right to work, economic, religious and cultural rights. Education, social security, the right to succeed, and self-determination are all separate.

There is a principle of non-discrimination defined by international human rights law, which establishes that all human beings are born free and should be treated equally. The policy is applied, ignoring the fact that people belong to what caste, color, race and nation. Some organizations that work for the preservation of human rights are civil rights advocates, global rights, every human being has rights, GIRCA, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, IPHR, JUSTICE and UN Watch.

Key differences

  1. Fundamental rights are the rights of all citizens of a country, while human rights are the rights of every human being inherited after birth.
  2. Fundamental rights originated from democratic ideas; on the other hand, human rights arose from civilized nations.
  3. Fundamental rights are the basic rights of people; conversely, human rights are absolute and interdependent rights.
  4. The fundamental rights are specified for each region; on the other hand, human rights are all the same all over the world.
  5. Fundamental rights have the principle that every person has the right to liberty, while the principle of human rights is that every person has the power and privilege of life.
  6. The judicial system and laws enforce fundamental rights in the country; on the other hand, the United Nations implements human rights.
  7. Fundamental rights are guaranteed by constitutional laws; on the other hand, the guarantee of human rights in international human rights law.
  8. Fundamental rights are enforced by the government; Conversely, international organizations direct the government to guarantee human rights in specific regions.

Final Thought

Fundamental Rights and Human Rights are basic rights. Fundamental rights are rights that all citizens of a country possess and that are enforced by constitutional laws. Human Rights are fundamental and indivisible rights implemented by the United Nations.

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