Assessments are conducted to assess an individual’s knowledge, level of understanding, and progress. In other words, we can say that assessment is the process of assessing and evaluating one’s knowledge about a certain thing or field. Assessment has a broader scope, from the educational sector to different fields of life, one is assessed and assigned the task at the level of understanding that one possesses. For example, one goes for the job of stenographer, the evaluation of the person is done through the written test and the completion of the test or evaluation. In the same way, the evaluations are used in the field of teaching by the institutes education to ensure the benefits of study for students and to verify the student’s competence. In the educational sector, There are two types of assessments or teaching tools. One of them is formative assessment and summative assessment. Formative assessment is the teaching tool that is used daily during the learning process; it is a learning assessment of how much the student has learned and how much more needs to be learned. On the other hand, the summative evaluation is the didactic tool, which evaluates the learning of the students once the course or quarter has finished.
|Formative evaluation||Summative evaluation|
|Definition||Formative assessment is the tool that is based on the formal and informal assessment methods, which assesses how well the learning process of the students is going.||Summative assessment is the teaching tool, which assesses student learning once the course or trimester is over.|
|Nature||Diagnostic in nature.||Evaluative in nature.|
|intervals||Formative assessment starts on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis.||The summative evaluation is established at the end of the course, semester or academic year.|
What is formative assessment?
Formative assessment is the tool that is based on the formal and informal assessment methods, which assesses how well the learning process of the students is going. The formative evaluation technique is applied daily or weekly so that the trainer can know what the students have learned and what they lack. In other words, we can say that formative assessment is an assessment methodology that is the assessment of learning. Through this technique or tool, the course instructor knows how efficient her teaching method is with the students. Mainly, students’ strengths and weaknesses are evaluated, and the latest teaching method is arranged to elicit students’ concepts; ‘ clear in the best possible way. By verifying or evaluating the learning process through this type of process, one can improve learning by trying to transfer knowledge to the learner. Homework, class discussion and quizzes are some of the techniques applied to this type of evaluation through which the student gets involved and the tutor got to know how well the learning process has gone with the students.
What is summative assessment?
Summative assessment is the technique for assessing student knowledge and competence. The summative evaluation is organized after the end of the course, semester or years of education. Through this process, it is evaluated how well the student knows the different concepts that were taught during the study period. In other words, we can say that summative assessment is the learning assessment of how well students accepted or learned what they were taught during the academic year. Annual exams, quarterly tests are conducted by the administration of educational institutes for the purpose of checking the knowledge of students. the scores, grades and grades are what decide how well the student has learned the different concepts taught during the academic year. If the student does not provide satisfactory results, the reason for this failure or dissatisfaction is also evaluated. In this case, the teaching technique is evaluated for the credibility of the student’s learning.
Formative assessment versus summative assessment
- Formative assessment is the tool that is based on the formal and informal assessment methods, which assesses how well the learning process of the students is going. On the other hand, summative assessment is the teaching tool, which assesses student learning once the course or trimester is over.
- Summative assessment is evaluative in nature while formative assessment is diagnostic in nature.
- Formative assessment starts on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Contrary to this, the summative evaluation is set at the end of the course, semester or academic year.