Difference Between Formal Writing and Informal Writing

Main difference

The main difference between formal writing and informal writing is that we use formal writing for professional and academic purposes while we use informal writing for private and non-professional purposes.

Formal vs. Informal Writing

There are two main writing styles in English. These are formal and informal. These two specific styles are distinguished to accurately classify the writing to fix it in any particular context. The formal writing style is directed in a way without warm feelings or directness. Informal writing is comparatively spontaneous and casual. The tone of formal writing is neither personal nor expressive. The tone of informal writing is more personal than formal language. It is a general form of writing, which is used when writing to closed people. Formal writing is stated explicitly and appears in the first or second paragraph of the essay. Informal writing is not stated explicitly and is likely to appear anywhere in an article. Formal writing adopts a complex sentence structure. Informal writing has a simple sentence structure. The target audience for formal writing is the teacher, the boss, the principal, or any higher authority with whom you are not open. The target audience of informal language are friends, siblings, etc. This writing contains text messages, personal emails, etc. Their difference lies in the art of writing, word choice, tone, syntax, and vocabulary. They all change with the change of occasion and situation. etc. This writing contains text messages, personal emails, etc. Their difference lies in the art of writing, word choice, tone, syntax, and vocabulary. They all change with the change of occasion and situation. etc. This writing contains text messages, personal emails, etc. Their difference lies in the art of writing, word choice, tone, syntax, and vocabulary. They all change with the change of occasion and situation.

Comparison chart

formal writing informal writing
Formal writing style is a style that fulfills an official and professional purpose of the language through the use of sophisticated and specific words. Informal writing style is a style that has a personal and unprofessional language purpose through the use of casual and general words.
Contractions and slang
Strictly avoid the use of slang or contractions. Freely use slang and contractions.
abbreviations
Does not use abbreviations. Use abbreviations.
Sentence structure
Their sentence structure can be varied and contain complex and long sentences. Their sentence structure tends to be less complex. It contains comparatively shorter sentences.
choice of words
The choice of words in this writing is precise and technical. Avoid using clichés, etc. The choice of words in this writing is not difficult or quick. Use common words, clichés, etc.
author‘s point of view
The reader is addressed using the third person pronoun. The reader is addressed using first/second person pronouns.
Tone
Repress emotions and convey arguments through powerful rhetorical devices. Convey emotions by being ironic, thoughtful, funny, harsh, or angry.
Voice
Use passive voice. Use active voice.

What is formal writing?

Formal writing is the style of writing that is distinguished from informal and careless everyday use of language. It is formal, specific and to the point. Avoid certain things: colloquial words and expressions (I want, I’m going, etc.), contractions (“is” for “is”), objectivity (I think, I think). for example, academic essays, official letters, applications, reports and job interviews, etc.

What is informal writing?

Informal writing is the style of writing that does not restrict the writer and the speaker in any way. Instead, it is a carefree and conventional writing method. He speaks directly to the audience through the use of colloquial words and expressions (guy, child, superb, etc.), clichés (lots, I use many, etc.), abbreviated words (TV, ASAP, etc.), and second person. pronoun (you, you, etc.). for example, writing for personal use, writing on a blog, dialogues and conversations, etc.

Key differences

  1. Formal writing is often more common in writing while; Informal writing is more common in speaking than in writing.
  2. Formal writing is objective on the other hand; informal writing is subjective.
  3. Formal writing is for impersonal use. Rather, informal writing is for personal use only.
  4. Formal writing uses vocabulary that is specific to the discipline, on the other hand, informal writing uses vocabulary that is not specific to the topic.
  5. Formal writing avoids colloquial language, colloquialisms (common language in spoken English), but informal writing is full of these two characteristics.

Final Thought

In speaking and writing, evaluation and regulation of formality and informality are always necessary. This evaluation is made considering and using the different aspects and characteristics of both formal and informal writing styles.

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