Legal

Difference Between FBI and US Marshal

Main difference

The main difference between the FBI and the United States Marshal is that the FBI is an intelligence agency under the United States Department of Justice. In contrast, US Marshal is the federal law enforcement officer or office of the federal court.

FBI vs. US Marshal

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, known as the FBI, is an intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice. The US Marshal is the enforcement agency for the federal courts. It is one of the oldest federal law enforcement offices in the United States. The FBI is the federal criminal investigation agency and also the internal intelligence agency. The United States Marshal protects court officials and court buildings to ensure the efficient operation of the court system.

The FBI’s responsibilities are counterintelligence, counterterrorism, cybercrime, white collar crime, organized crime, corruption, major theft, and trafficking. The United States Marshal is responsible for the security of the court, apprehending fugitives, serving warrants, and transporting prisoners. The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) has offices in nearly 50 countries around the world. US Marshal is related to the federal courts, so it does not have offices in other countries; instead, he limits himself to the country of origin.

The FBI headquarters is present in the J. Edgar Hoover building in Washington. The headquarters of the United States Marshal is located in Arlington, Virginia. The FBI has five functional branches and each branch is headed by a deputy executive director. The United States Marshal is led by the Attorney General, headed by a director and assisted by a deputy director. The FBI is a modern law enforcement firm and its origin dates back to the administration of Theodore Roosevelt. The United States Marshal is comparatively older and his training dates back to the administration of George Washington.

Comparison chart

FBI US Marshal
The FBI is an intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice. The federal law enforcement offices of the federal courts are US Marshal
Purpose
Investigate To serve to impose order throughout the nation.
US Law Firm
Modern oldest
headquarters in
The J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington in Arlington, Va.
Offices
in 50 countries in the country of origin
Responsible of
National security court security

What is the FBI?

FBI is abbreviated as “Federal Bureau of Investigation”. As its name reflects, it is a commonly known intelligence agency of the US Department of Justice. Its origin dates back to the administration of Theodore Roosevelt. The FBI’s responsibilities are counterintelligence, counterterrorism, cybercrime, white collar crime, organized crime, corruption, major theft, and trafficking. The FBI is part of the federal law enforcement special agents that handle crimes from counter-terrorism to white-collar crime.

The primary job of the FBI is to investigate and enforce suspected violations of any federal law under the direction of the United States Attorney’s office. It is the federal criminal investigation agency and also the internal intelligence agency. The headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is present in the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington. Its offices are located in nearly 50 countries around the world. There are five functional branches of the FBI and each branch is headed by a deputy executive director.

The age limit is 23 and 37 years old to work as an FBI special agent. The academic requirement for an FBI agent is at least a bachelor’s degree. Also, there are the FBI physical fitness standards and background checks that one has to pass. The agency requires three years of full-time professional work experience along with six months of driving experience.

What is the United States Marshal?

The United States Marshals are the most senior federal police officer in the United States. It is the law enforcement arm of the federal courts whose role is to safeguard all federal courts, federal judges, and court buildings to ensure the efficient operation of the court system. Its formation dates back to the administration of George Washington. US Marshal is part of the United States Department of Justice. US Marshals care about the federal courts, so they don’t have offices in other countries. Its offices are limited only to the country of origin. Its headquarters are in Arlington, Virginia.

The United States Marshal is responsible for the security of the court, apprehending fugitives, serving warrants, and transporting prisoners. He enforces laws and federal court orders. Additionally, he is in charge of supervising jurors and witnesses and approving all federal bondsmen and fugitives. US Marshal also transports and houses federal prisoners until they are released to their respective jails. The United States Marshal is led by the Attorney General, headed by a director and assisted by a deputy director.

The age requirement for a US Deputy Marshal applicant is 21 to 35 years old. The educational requirement is at least a bachelor’s degree with one year of specialized experience. This specialized experience may be the execution of court orders, using knowledge of search and seizure law, conducting criminal investigations, etc. And after that, the applicant must complete the relevant agency’s training program to become a deputy sheriff or constable.

Key differences

  1. The purpose of the FBI is to investigate, on the other hand, the purpose of the US Marshal is to serve to impose order throughout the nation.
  2. The FBI is a modern law enforcement firm and its origins date back to the administration of Theodore Roosevelt; On the other side of the coin, the US Marshal is comparatively older and his training dates back to the administration of George Washington.
  3. The FBI is an intelligence agency under the United States Department of Justice; rather, the US Marshal is the federal law enforcement offices of the federal courts.
  4. The FBI’s responsibilities are counterintelligence, counterterrorism, cybercrime, white collar crime, organized crime, corruption, major theft, and trafficking. At the same time, the US marshal has responsibility for the security of the court, apprehending fugitives, serving warrants, and transporting prisoners.
  5. The FBI has five functional branches, with each branch headed by a Deputy Executive Director; On the other side of the coin, the US Marshal is led by the Attorney General, headed by a Director and assisted by a Deputy Director.
  6. The FBI is the federal criminal investigation agency and also the internal intelligence agency; on the other hand, the US Marshal protects court officials and buildings to ensure the effective functioning of the judicial system.
  7. The FBI has offices in nearly 50 countries around the world; by contrast, US Marshal is only limited to the country of origin.
  8. The FBI headquarters is present in the J. Edgar Hoover building in Washington; on the other hand, the headquarters of the US Marshal is in Arlington, Virginia.

Final Thought

From the above discussion, it is concluded that the FBI and the US Marshal are the two different agencies. Both are part of the federal law enforcement, but both are different from each other based on their tasks and missions.

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