Difference Between Enculturation and Acculturation

Main difference

The beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a certain society, group, are known as culture and are transmitted from one generation to another since they are recognized as the essential values ​​that one must know when living in that certain society. As soon as the child is born, he begins to know the culture of the people who live in that society. Enculturation is the process by which an individual learns the norms and values ​​of a culture through unconscious repetition. On the other hand, the cultural modification of an individual, group or people as a result of prolonged contact with people of another culture is known as acculturation. Inculturation is possessing one’s own culture, while acculturation is the fusion of two cultures.

Comparison chart

enculturation acculturation
Definition Enculturation is the process by which an individual learns the norms and values ​​of a culture through unconscious repetition. The cultural modification of an individual, group or people as a result of prolonged contact with people of another culture is known as acculturation.
Number of Cultures Enculturation is possessing one’s own culture. Acculturation is the fusion of two cultures.

What is enculturation?

Enculturation is the process by which an individual learns the norms and values ​​of a culture through unconscious repetition. The baby that is born begins to learn the culture with a process of social interaction with people who live in the similar society. This is not a deliberate or forced teaching of an individual, it comes through interaction with people in society and through the unconscious repetition of norms and values. Each of the society has its own norms, beliefs, values, arts, and customs, and one learns them from the society for the society, as one who does not know the specific culture will surely find it difficult to interact with the people of the society. Cultural contrast can make a big difference, for example in the West it is okay for women to wear skirts, bikinis,

What is acculturation?

Cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture is called acculturation. It usually happens when an individual in childhood is exposed to more than one culture or an individual has prolonged contact with people from another culture while living in their society. For example, a refugee or immigrant living in the society may acquire, adapt or borrow traits from another culture or people living in that particular society may even be culturally influenced by immigrants. The other common example of acculturation is that of the individual who went to any other country for educational or work reasons for a short period of 1-2 years, he is seen with a clear change in clothing, way of thinking and others for the people from their own society.

Enculturation versus acculturation

  • Enculturation is the process by which an individual learns the norms and values ​​of a culture through unconscious repetition. On the other hand, the cultural modification of an individual, group or people as a result of prolonged contact with people of another culture is known as acculturation.
  • Inculturation is possessing one’s own culture, while acculturation is the fusion of two cultures.
  • Cultural contrast can make a big difference, for example in the West it is okay for women to wear skirts, bikinis as this is something they have inherited as part of their culture, while in countries like Saudi Arabia women are asked to veiled women. and interacting less with “unknown” males in society.

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