Biology

Difference between E. Coli and Klebsiella

Main difference

The main difference between E Coli and Klebsiella is that E. Coli is a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia, while Klebsiella is the genus of rod-shaped bacteria.

E. Coli vs. Klebsiella

E. coli is a gram-negative, non-sporulating, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Escherichia with the family Enterobacteriaceae, while Klebsiella is a genus of gram-negative, facultative anaerobic, immobile rod-shaped bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae with a prominent polysaccharide capsule. E. coli infections can be prevented by practicing sanitary conditions in the home, while prevention of Klebsiella infections can be possible through the use of hygienic settings in healthcare. Harmless strains of E. coli produce vitamin K and protect the intestine from pathogenic bacterial colonization,

Comparative chart

E. coli Klebsiella
E. coli is the rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia Klebsiella is the genus of rod-shaped bacteria.
Full name
Escherichia coli Klebsiella pneumoniae
Rank in the taxonomic hierarchy
Species Gender
Idea
The microbiota of the small intestine can be found in contaminated water. The microbiota of the nose, mouth and intestine, soil water, plants and animals.
Length
2 µm 0.5 to 5 µm
Diameter
0.25 to 1.0 µm 0.3 to 1.5 µm
Diseases
Urinary tract gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic colitis, Crohn’s disease, neonatal meningitis Urinary tract infection, pneumonia, meningitis, septicemia, soft tissue infections, diarrhea,
Transmission
Fecal-oral transmission Through contaminated equipment and skin
Applications
Production of vitamin K, as a probiotic, protection of the intestine against pathogens. Fixation of nitrogen
Incubation period
3 to 4 days 1 to 6 weeks
Destination sites
Colon and urinary tract Alveoli of the lungs
Treatment
Rest, hydration, and antibiotics Aminoglycosides, cephalosporin, and chloramphenicol

What is E. Coli?

E. coli is part of the natural flora of the human intestine that has different strains depending on their genetic makeup and pathogenicity. Most strains are harmless to humans, but some are highly invasive and can cause kidney failure, anemia, and death. It can enter the human body through water and food contaminated with feces from an infected patient. For example, raw meat, milk, dairy products, and fruits and vegetables are more likely to be contaminated due to the unhealthy preparation method. It can also be spread by direct contact with patients. Patients infected with E. coli experience signs of bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting with fever. These symptoms appear after 2 to 3 days of infection. Patients with weak immunity, alcohol addicts, patients with diabetes mellitus and malignant diseases often experience severe attacks. Doctors obtain a complete history from patients on exposure to contaminated food or water, travel history, and contact with the infected person. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. Doctors obtain a complete history from patients on exposure to contaminated food or water, travel history, and contact with the infected person. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. Doctors obtain a complete history from patients on exposure to contaminated food or water, travel history, and contact with the infected person. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who constantly faint will be given intravenous fluid, since the main relation is to avoid any shock due to loss of fluid and electrolyte imbalance. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. The doctor also tests for signs such as abdominal tenderness and then performs a stool test (stool culture to isolate E. Coli). It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance. It is essential to perform immediate treatments to relieve pain and replace the fluid and electrolyte imbalance and then antibiotic therapy after confirmation. Patients who do not receive treatment may end up dehydrated, so high fluid intake is always recommended. Patients who consistently faint will be given fluid intravenously, as the main relationship is avoiding any shock from fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance.

What is Klebsiella?

Klebsiella is an immobile, encapsulated, facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped gram-negative bacterium. You can also ferment lactose on MacConkey agar medium. It is part of the flora of the oral cavity, skin and colon, but sometimes causes pathological changes in the lungs during inhalation or aspiration. This is known as spread from one person to another as nosocomial infections and they rapidly attack the lungs, resulting in sputum mixed with blood in affected individuals.

Klebsiella infections generally occur in patients with a weak immune system with some type of immune suppression. Some affected people fall into the category of elderly or middle-aged men with a debilitating disease such as chronic alcoholism, diabetes, COPD, liver disease, and kidney failure. Patients who are treated in an ICU are at high risk of becoming infected with Klebsiella pneumonia, nearly more than 30% of deaths in the ICU occur as a result of hospital-acquired pneumonia. Klebsiella also causes bronchopneumonia and bronchitis, leading to susceptibility to other lung conditions such as lung abscess, emphysema, cavity formation, and pleural adhesion. This can also result in thrombophlebitis, UTI, cholecystitis, upper RTI, osteomyelitis, bacteremia, wound infections, meningitis and eventually septicemia. The signs and symptoms of Klebsiella infections of the patient can vary from person to person, and depends on the primary pathology and the strength of the immune system. The mortality rate is very high even with antibiotic treatment.

Key differences

  1. E Coli is a species, while Klebsiella is a genus.
  2. E Coli is present in contaminated water while Klebsiella is present in soil, water, plants and
  3. E. Coli is present in the small intestine of humans, while Klebsiella is present in the mouth, nose, and intestine of humans.
  4. E Coli has dimensions: length of 2.0 µm and diameter of 0.25 µm to 1.0 µm while Klebsiella has dimensions of length of 5 to 5.0 µm and diameter of 0.3 to 1.5 µm.
  5. E Coli has as a source of fecal-oral transmission, while Klebsiella is transmitted through the skin with invasive medical instruments.
  6. E Coli has an incubation period of 3 to 4 days, while Klebsiella has an incubation period of 1 to 3 weeks.
Final Thought

In conclusion, both E. coli and Klebsiella cause some harm and some benefit for humans and belong to the same family with some different characteristics.

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