Difference Between Duties and Responsibilities

Main difference

The main difference between Duties and Responsibilities is that Duties are the actions that someone needs to complete in the stipulated time period while Responsibilities are the burdens that someone bears.

Duties vs. Responsibilities

Duties are the moral commitments that are implicit in a person by higher bodies within a restricted period of time. On the other hand, responsibilities are the tasks that you yourself accept, and their fulfillment becomes mandatory for you.

Duties do not usually show their obligatory character, while the obligatory character of responsibilities is not hidden. Duties are attributed to a person naturally. On the contrary, the responsibilities are implicit in a person by his own choice.

Duties are the tasks that one must perform because of their job or position in an organization. On the contrary, the responsibilities are the required duties that are inferred due to the relationships linked to us, that is, the responsibilities of a brother towards his sister or the responsibilities of a father towards his children, etc. what he undertakes.

Duties are assigned work that needs to be done within a specified time. On the other hand, responsibilities are the moral obligations that must be followed when performing tasks. The duty is to do the assigned work, while the responsibility is to do the assigned work accurately, efficiently and within the established deadlines. Duty comprises a sense of love and affection in it. In contrast, responsibilities lack emotions like love and affection.

Duties are not a burden on a person, while responsibilities are encumbrances that must be handled in order to perform their role in a specific position. Duty represents an active feeling to do something. On the other hand, responsibility is the ability to act at will.

Comparison chart

Duties Responsibilities
Duties are defined as moral commitments and obligations, implicit and entrusted by someone, that a person is expected to perform. Responsibilities are defined as the responsibilities that a person recognizes as part of their job or character.
Binding force Authority
Respect or obedience for work, rules and elders. Responsibility for the performance or non-performance of the task
Emotions such as love and affection. Without love and affection
No load sense load direction
sacrifice of self interest Reliability and fidelity
road emerging
Imputed Shoulders
A security guard has to sit at the door watching the premises, that is his duty. A security guard has to ensure the security and protection of the premises, which is his responsibility.

What are the duties?

Duties can be defined as ethical, authorized, or professional responsibilities that are essential for a person to perform; otherwise, you must face certain punishment. Duties determine what a person must do in his or her specific position in a standard course of action under common or specific circumstances.

The law in which a country is governed has specified specific duties that are mandatory for all citizens. It is shown as a binding legal force that obliges the person to abide by the law and perform his functions within a stipulated period. Duties are necessary tasks to be fulfilled by every citizen according to his job, rank, position and character in an organization.

In management, the word “duty” is used to describe the tasks that an employee must perform as part of their job. In economics, tariffs are described as a form of tax imposed by the government on goods bought from or sold to foreign countries. The payment of said taxes is the duty of importers and exporters; otherwise, the sanction must be scheduled.

An active feeling of doing something is called duty. They are not a burden to a passionate citizen. The selfless people of the country fulfill their duties with love and care.

Homework has a time limit with meaningless obligations. Duties can be distinguished according to regulations, but it is also about personal connotations based on personal values ​​as well. Obeying the administrative and moral rules established by an organization is called duty.

What are responsibilities?

Responsibility is a word that originated from the Latin word ‘responre’, which means to respond to something. The state of being responsible or accountable in a specific condition or assuming an obligation to do something is called responsibility.

Responsibilities have two forms. The first is in the form of giving onerous tasks, but the second is in the form of accepting the task or role assigned to you. Responsibilities relate to decision making and embody a sense of maturity and self-respect in a person.

Responsibilities can be defined as a state of implicit authority or obligation to a person of their own volition to achieve desired results. Responsibilities are onerous and require reliability and fidelity. Responsibilities make a person responsible or accountable for the assigned task, for protecting valuable assets, or for the protection of a specific person. Therefore, a responsible person must be prepared to bear the consequences of her actions, be they positive or negative.

The responsibility is often related to an authorized organization that gives instructions and takes relevant actions when necessary. When authority is given to a specific person, he or she is held accountable for its performance and the best use of the delegated authority.


Taking care of children is the responsibility of the father. The care of patients is the responsibility of the physician. Building a safe structure is the responsibility of the builder. Keeping your customers in mind is the responsibility of an entrepreneur. Taking care of siblings after the death of a parent is the responsibility of an older sibling.

Key differences

  1. Duties refer to obligations and moral commitments towards a precise job, which a person is obliged to perform in general or specific circumstances. On the other hand, responsibilities refer to the responsibilities, which require their fulfillment either voluntarily or promised.
  2. Duties are described as a hidden binding force that constrains a person to perform a particular action, which is the best thing to do in that particular situation. Rather, responsibilities are being empowered, giving the power to take the necessary actions and proper guidelines for the successful completion of a task.
  3. Duties show respect and obedience to a person with their work, authority rules and regulations, including submission to elders and elders. On the contrary, responsibilities are related to the responsibility for the acceptance of a specific power and its use for better performance.
  4. Duty is attributed to a person and demands self-sacrifice. On the contrary, the responsibility is attributed to a person and requires trustworthiness and loyalty to perform the tasks according to specific guidelines within a particular time.
  5. Duties are attributed to a person in a natural or unnatural way, by the role that a person occupies in a specific organization. On the other hand, the responsibilities fall on a person who is competent enough to handle them efficiently.
  6. There is an element of affection in performing your duties as a citizen or employee in a specific organization. On the contrary, there is no element of love or affection in the discharge of responsibilities.

Final Thought

Actions that are mandatory to be completed within a specified time are called duties, while actions completed efficiently, accurately, and within set deadlines are called responsibilities.

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