Difference between Doctrine and Law

In most states, countries and nations, the constitution is the main source of law, since all the legal foundations on which the state itself is based to lead the nation in question are derived from it. It contains the entire legal, political and social system establishing the basic criteria that govern the conduct and action of all people belonging to that society.

In this order of ideas, it is important to make known the meaning, definition and characteristics of doctrine and law, since both are terms of common use in matters of legislation and then proceed to establish the differences between them.


The word doctrine comes from the Latin -doctrina- which refers to the set of teachings and norms of a belief system. The doctrine is then, the set of principles, teachings and criteria of a school, religion or political system in particular.

The doctrine is also related to the law but it is not the law itself, but rather the criteria, teachings and guidelines developed by jurists so that the formation of laws, treaties and resolutions of a state are framed in the same line of thought.

The doctrine is transmitted through documents issued by the state in educational, philosophical, service, legal and other matters that allow framing the conduct of society within the same philosophical current.

For example : the socialist doctrine raises the elimination of private property. Christian doctrine states that -God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit-.


The word right comes from the Latin -directum- which refers to acting according to the rules Therefore, law is nothing more than the set of rules and regulations that regulate human behavior in any society based on postulates of justice.

The law is made up of the set of laws, rules, regulations and resolutions issued by the state to govern social life and delimit the actions of its citizens, in order to preserve and maintain social order. Therefore, the laws derived from it are mandatory for citizens.

The right is permanent and obligatory and its fundamental objective is to establish behavioral criteria and norms that guarantee healthy social coexistence among the inhabitants of a certain country, state or nation.

For example : human rights are inherent to all people without distinction of nationality, age, sex, origin, etc.

Based on the definitions presented, the differences between doctrine and law are indicated below:

Doctrine Right
The doctrine is temporary, so it can change with the arrival of another political system, another educational line, etc. The law is permanent and therefore exists to regulate life in society.
The doctrine seeks to give a general idea of ​​the behavior of people. The law seeks to regulate the behavior of people according to laws, regulations and treaties.
The doctrine guides the law for the creation of laws, regulations and treaties. The right part of the doctrine for the creation of laws, regulations and treaties.

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