Health

What is the difference between Vitamins and Proteins

Vitamins are essential nutrients that are essential for the proper functioning of the body. These are biomolecules made up of amino acids to form tissues in the body and facilitate DNA synthesis. Some vitamins are antioxidants, however, their role is mainly regulatory, that is, they are necessary for specific metabolic reactions to occur inside cells. They are direct or indirect catalysts of physiological processes, they are also precursors of coenzymes.

On the other hand, proteins are macromolecules made up of linear chains of amino acids. The proteins of all living things are genetically determined. Proteins account for about half the weight of body tissues and are present in all body cells.

Comparison table

vitamins
protein
Definition Vitamins are heterogeneous compounds necessary for life. They should be taken in the dose necessary to promote proper physiological function. Proteins are macromolecules made up of linear chains of amino acids.
Etymology The term vitamin comes from the English vitamin, which in turn comes from the Latin vita  , which means life.  As for the term protein, it comes from the French protéine, and this in turn from the Greek proteios, which means prominent or top quality.
Function They are catalysts for some biological processes such as the correct growth and development of organisms. They fulfill various protective functions in the body such as antibodies, enzymes, transport proteins, etc.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button