Science

Difference between plants and animals

Main Difference

They are both living things, but they vary from each other in many different ways. Plant cells are generally rooted in one place, so they cannot actually move unlike animals that can move freely. Plants cannot smell at all, while animals have a strong sense of smell and can smell their prey and other animals from a great distance. Furthermore, plants lack a nervous system, as a result they have very basic sensory abilities and animals have a well developed nervous system and highly developed sensory organs. Furthermore, animals have to search for food and depend on other plants and animals for food, while, on the other hand, plants have the ability to produce their own food as they contain chlorophyll. As for respiration, animals generally require oxygen to breathe, which they ingest and extract carbon dioxide, which a change is used by plants to produce food. And in the case of plants, they extract oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide that animals emit, so they act in the opposite way. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. The process of photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. The photosynthesis process takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. Photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. The photosynthesis process takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. Photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. The photosynthesis process takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. Photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. Photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely. But plants and animals are multicellular organisms where plants belong to the kingdom Plantae and animals to the kingdom Animalia. Photosynthesis takes place in plants and respiration in animals. Plants need soil for water intake and also for a firm position, but animals are dependent and have the ability to move freely.

Comparative chart

Animals Plants
Movement Can move Can not move
Process Breathing Photosynthesis
Product Carbon dioxide Oxygen
Internal system Complex internal structures as they have different systems such as the digestive system and the respiratory system. They don’t have any complex system in them

Definition of plants

Plants are living things and they are divided into various groups which are terrestrial plants, green plants, archaeplastida and other groups. Also, these groups have subgroups. It is associated with the kingdom Plantae. Since their existence, they have resulted in a higher level of complexity. Solid material is required for plant growth, which is provided by the atmosphere. Through photosynthesis, plants use sunlight for the conversion of carbon dioxide and they also convert water into the simplest form of sugar. The intake of water by plants is carried out mainly through the soil and the soil is the one that supports them as it contains high amounts of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and many other essential nutrients that are required by the plant. When we talk about the growth of plants, we see that it depends on many environmental factors such as temperature, the total amount of water, nutrients, light and carbon dioxide. Similarly, there are many biotic factors that also affect plant growth. In general, when the temperature is very low, that is, when it is cold, it is responsible for intracellular formation. Internally, plants contain xylem and phloem, which are specialized structures that aid in the intake of water, minerals, and other nutrients. The total amount of oxygen present in the atmosphere is mainly due to plants. In terms of nutrition, plants are the main source for providing nutrition in the form of food and beverages such as wheat, barley, juices, cereals, rice, oats and millet, etc…

Definition of animals

Animals is the word that comes from a Latin word called ‘animalis’ which means to have a soul, to breathe or a living being. They developed from a flagellated eukaryote. Animals are considered to be close members of humans who have the category of mammals and other vertebrates. They have many characteristics such as multicellular, heterotrophic, mobile, and eukaryotic. Animals are heterotrophs because they feed indirectly and also directly on other living things. They feed on animals that consist of many different tissues, structures, and muscles. In addition, they undergo sexual and asexual reproduction. Some animals are vertebrates that have backbones such as fish, mammals, amphibians, birds, and reptiles,

Differences in a nutshell

  1. Animals can move; plants cannot move.
  2. Plants undergo the photosynthesis process; animals are subjected to respiration.
  3. Plants extract oxygen; animals extract carbon dioxide.
  4. Animals depend on other sources for food; plants make their food by themselves, since they contain chlorophyll.
  5. Plants consist only of the basic capacity of the senses; animals have many senses.
  6. Plants lack a nervous system; animals consist of a nervous system.
  7. Animals have complex internal structures as they have different systems like digestive system and respiratory system etc. whereas plants do not have complex internal system.

Final Thought

These two types are perhaps the simplest and anyone with a modicum of knowledge about things will be able to tell how plants and animals differ. There are also many other complicated ways to describe the differences between them and that is what this article has done, so that people can gain more knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Close
Back to top button