General

Difference between organic farming and chemical farming

Main difference

The main difference between organic farming and chemical farming is that organic farming is the type of farming in which plants are grown with the help of natural fertilizers. On the other hand, chemical agriculture is the type of agriculture in which the plants are grown with the help of chemical fertilizers.

Organic Farming vs. Chemical Farming

Organic farming is the type of farming where natural fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields. On the other side of the coin, chemical farming is the type of farming where chemical fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields. In organic farming, the growth of noxious weeds is controlled with the help of different natural processes such as manual weeding, mulching, tillage, and crop rotation. On the other hand, in chemical agriculture, the growth of different harmful weeds is controlled with the help of artificial or chemical fertilizers.

In organic farming, the attack or secondary effects of pests can be controlled with the help of natural methods such as birds, insects and traps or with the use of naturally occurring pest killers. On the opposite side, in chemical agriculture, the attack or secondary effects of pests can be controlled with the help of chemical or synthetic pest killers. In organic farming, there are no risks of air, water and soil contamination; on the other hand, in chemical agriculture, there are higher risks of air, water and soil contamination.

In organic farming, irrigation requirements are reduced; On the other side of the coin, in chemical farming, irrigation requirements are needed. Organic farming is done by collaborating with nature, while chemical farming is done by mastering nature. Organic farming causes the improvement of the ecosystem; on the opposite side, chemical agriculture causes damage to the ecosystem.

Comparison chart

Ecological agriculture chemical agriculture
Organic farming is the type of farming where natural fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields. Chemical agriculture is the type of agriculture in which chemical fertilizers are used to grow different types of plants in different fields.
weed growth
In it, weed growth is controlled by the natural methods of manual weeding, mulching, tillage, and crop rotation. In it, the growth of different harmful weeds is controlled with the help of artificial or chemical fertilizers.
pests
In it, the secondary effects of pests can be controlled with the help of natural methods such as birds, insects and traps or through the use of natural pest killers. In it, the attack or secondary effects of pests can be controlled with the help of chemical or synthetic pest killers.
Pollution
It does not cause any pollution. It causes air, water and soil pollution.
Collaboration with nature
Always collaborate with nature. It does not collaborate with nature, but appears as dominant.
Irrigation
Irrigation requirements are reduced. Requirements for irrigation are necessary.
Impact on the ecosystem
Generally improves the ecosystem. It generally has a severe impact on the ecosystem.
Effect on soil fertility
Causes improvement of soil fertility. Causes deterioration of soil fertility.
fertilizers
Use biofertilizers. Use chemical fertilizers.
effect on nature
It’s nature’s restriction Causes the exploitation of nature
orientation type
It is generally based on ecological orientation. It is generally based on chemical orientation.

What is ecological agriculture?

Organic farming is the type of agriculture in which different types of plants are grown with the help of natural biofertilizers. The use of organic farming has many benefits. The growth of different noxious weeds in agriculture can be controlled by using natural methods such as composting and tillage effects. The irrigation requirement is reduced in this process. It does not have serious effects such as air, water and land pollution.

Secondary effects of pests can also be controlled by natural methods such as birds, insects, and traps that can decrease the number of pests in the field by eating them. Generally improves the natural ecosystem. This process is generally based on an ecological orientation. Causes the improvement of nature. It always works by collaborating with nature instead of dominating nature.

What is chemical agriculture?

Chemical agriculture is the type of agriculture in which different types of plants are grown with the help of chemical or synthetic fertilizers. There are also many benefits to using the chemical cultivation process. The growth of noxious weeds in agriculture can be controlled through the use of chemicals or synthetics. The pest side can be controlled through the use of artificial pest killers. It also has many secondary effects such as air, water and land pollution.

Chemical farming is generally based on chemical orientation rather than ecological orientation. This process has more side effects. It causes the destruction of nature. It also has many severe impacts on the natural ecosystem. It always works by dominating nature instead of collaborating with nature. Irrigation requirements increase in this process.

Key differences

  1. Organic farming is the type of agriculture that is based on ecological orientation; On the other hand, chemical farming is the type of farming that is based on chemical guidance.
  2. Organic farming causes the improvement of soil fertility; on the other hand, chemical agriculture causes deterioration of soil fertility.
  3. Organic farming has no side effects like air, water and land pollution; On the opposite side, chemical agriculture has secondary effects such as air, water and land pollution.
  4. Organic farming is the type of agriculture in which different types of plants are grown in different fields with the help of biofertilizers. On the other side of the coin, chemical farming is the type of farming where different types of plants are grown in different fields with the help of synthetic or artificial fertilizers.
  5. Organic farming is always done in collaboration with nature; on the other hand, chemical agriculture does not do so by collaborating with nature, but appears as dominant.
  6. In organic farming, different natural methods such as manual weeding, mulching, tillage, and crop rotation are used to control the growth of harmful weeds. On the other hand, in chemical agriculture, different chemical or artificial methods are used to control the unwanted growth of weeds.
  7. Organic farming makes nature restricted; on the other hand, chemical agriculture provokes the exploitation of nature.
  8. In organic farming, with the help of natural methods such as birds, insects and traps or with the help of naturally occurring pesticides, the severe effects or attacks of pests can be controlled. On the contrary, in chemical agriculture, with the help of artificial or synthetic fertilizers, the severe effects or attacks of pests can be controlled.
  9. Organic farming causes the improvement of the ecosystem; on the other hand, chemical agriculture causes a severe impact on the ecosystem.

Final Thought

The above discussion concludes that organic agriculture is based on ecological orientation; on the other hand, chemical agriculture is based on chemical orientation.

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