Difference Between Longitudinal Wave and Transverse Wave

Main difference

In the field of physics, we define a wave as an oscillation that is accompanied by a transfer of energy that travels through a medium (mass or space) with the frequency. Waves are classified into two main categories, longitudinal wave and transverse wave. A longitudinal wave is that type of wave that moves in the direction of its propagation; their movement is often like vibrations. In this type of wave, the movement of the medium is from left to right or from right to left in a common line, and the movement of the wave is from left or right. The best example of a longitudinal wave is sound waves. A transverse wave is that type of wave which moves at right angles to the direction of its propagation; its motion is like vibrations or flow. In this type of wave, the movement of the medium is up and down or down and up in a common line, and the movement of the wave is left or right. A common example of a transverse wave is a wave in water.

Comparison chart

longitudinal wave transverse wave
Longitudinal means running lengthwise. A longitudinal wave is a type of wave that moves in the direction of its propagation. Transverse means across or extending through something. A transverse wave is that type of wave which moves at right angles to the direction of its propagation.
Movement
In a longitudinal wave, the wave moves to the left or to the right and the medium moves to the left and to the right. In a transverse wave, the wave moves to the left or right and the medium moves up and down.
Production
Longitudinal waves are often produced due to vibrations (as in sound). Transverse has different phenomena.
Example
An example of a longitudinal wave is a sound wave. An example of a transverse wave is water waves.

What is a longitudinal wave?

Longitudinal means running lengthwise. A longitudinal wave is that type of wave that moves in the direction of its propagation; their movement is often like vibrations. In this type of wave, the movement of the medium is from left to right or from right to left in a common line, and the movement of the wave is from left or right.

An example of longitudinal waves are sound waves, etc. A longitudinal wave is further classified into two as, longitudinal wave 1 and longitudinal wave 2. Longitudinal wave 1 is the wave in which a particle or object moves in a horizontal direction and shows simple harmonic motion to the left or right. right.

An example is taken as when the spring is stretched, its particle moves in the direction of stretching, the spring as a whole does not move, it will vibrate when the wave pulse goes through it. In longitudinal wave 2, the motion is said to be a disturbance moving parallel to the point of its propagation. In this, many small particles move as simple left or right harmonic motion. Taking the spring as an example, the longitudinal wave 2 produces a general disturbance in the spring.

What is transverse wave?

Transverse means across or extending through something. A transverse wave is that type of wave which moves at right angles to the direction of its propagation; its movement is like vibrations or flow. In this type of wave, the movement of the medium is up and down or down and up in a common line, and the movement of the wave is to the left or to the right. A common example of a transverse wave is a wave in water, etc.

A transverse wave is also classified into two as, transverse wave 1 and transverse wave 2. Transverse wave 1 is the wave in which a particle or object moves in a vertical direction and shows simple harmonic motion up or down. For example, when you shake a string, imagine that one of its particles is moving in the form of a wave. Transverse wave 2, in this all the particles of the objects move in the medium and produce a wave. The direction of the wave is to the left or right from the point of propagation, and the movement of the medium is up and down.

Key differences

  1. Longitudinal means running lengthwise. A longitudinal wave is that type of wave that moves in the direction of its propagation, while transverse means transversely or extending through something. A transverse wave is that type of wave which moves at right angles to the direction of its propagation.
  2. In a longitudinal wave, the wave moves to the left or to the right, and the medium moves to the left and to the right, whereas, in a transverse wave, the wave moves to the left or to the right and the middle moves up and down.
  3. Longitudinal waves are often produced due to vibrations (as in sound), while transverse waves have different phenomena.
  4. An example of a longitudinal wave is a sound wave, while an example of a transverse wave is water waves.

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