Difference Between Implicit Memory and Explicit Memory

Main difference

One of the main differences between these two types of long-term memories; Implicit and explicit memory is that implicit memory is a type of memory that is the unconscious memory of skills and how to do a thing while explicit memory is a memory of facts and events and states those memories that can be recalled consciously.

Comparison chart

Basis of Distinction implicit memory explicit memory
Definition Memory that is used without awareness so that the content of memories cannot be reported is called implicit memory. Explicit memory is memory that we draw on from personal experiences, stored knowledge, and memory of facts.
Process unconscious, automatic conscientious, hard
structures The different shapes depend on different brain regions like the striatum, neocortex, cerebellum, etc. The hippocampus and medial temporal lobe are essential for brain structures.
Types of information Emotional, conditioning, bodily, sensory, automatic skills, automatic procedures Cognitive, facts, mind, verbal, semantic, description of operations and description of procedures
Other name Procedure memory declarative memory
Maturity From birth about 3 years
Activity during a traumatic event and a flashback Activated Deleted
Idiom Speechless build narrative

implicit memory

Known as procedural memory, implicit memory represents a type of memory that we cannot consciously remember, since it is a more experiential and functional memory. This memory is used and acquired unconsciously and can affect both thoughts and behaviors. It helps people to perform specific tasks without being aware of these previous experiences. This memory also leads to the illusion of the fact that people are more likely to listen to those statements that they have already heard regardless of concentrating on what is true. We as a whole rely more on implicit memory in our daily lives because it allows people to remember how to ride a bike or tie their shoes without consciously thinking about these activities. Once we learn to perform our daily tasks, we retain this in our memory and then act on it by our conscious retrieval of them whenever they occur to us. The bicycle and shoe-tying examples above demonstrate that implicit memory is that form of memory of which we are not aware.

explicit memory

Explicit memory is one of the two main types of long-term memory. It is also known as declarative memory. This type of memory requires people to think consciously, such as remembering who came to dinner last night or solving a final paper in which students need to remember what they have learned so far. Explicit memory belongs to that part of our memory that is in our mind when we think about a situation, whether it is correct or incorrect. It is often associated with memory brain links. Explicit memory is often used by people throughout the day, such as remembering an event or recalling the time of an appointment from years ago. It implies a conscious memory. In a simple scenario, remembering a particular driving lesson is an example of explicit memory, while the improvement in driving skill as a result of the lesson is an example of implicit memory. The types of information in explicit memory are cognitive, factual, mind, verbal, semantic, description of operations, and description of procedures. The hippocampus and medial temporal lobe are essential brain structures for explicit memory.

Key differences

  1. Implicit memory is memory for enhanced processing of a stimulus that has been presented before, while explicit memory is for events, facts, and ideas.
  2. Explicit memory involves the recall of information, while implicitly it involves behavioral change.
  3. In explicit memory, information is retrieved from the past, while in implicit memory there is no retrieval of information about the past.
  4. Implicit memory is typically assessed using word completion, restricted association, and free association tasks. Explicit memory is typically assessed by a recall, recognition, and cued recall test.
  5. In implicit memory, tests are incidental as subjects perform an orientation or on task and are not informed about a subsequent memory test. In explicit memory, the test is intentional in that subjects are instructed to pay attention to the material being presented for further testing of their memory.
  6. In explicit memory, subjects are asked to recall or recognize prior information while in implicit memory; Subjects are not asked to remember, but instead are asked to respond with the first word that comes to mind.
  7. Tasks that require implicit memory include mirror scanning, reading text in reverse, performing a word completion task, and singing part of a familiar song. Tasks that require explicit memory are remembering last year, paired associated learning, identifying the head of state, writing a final paper, etc.
  8. Implicit memory is a direct form of memory, while explicit memory is an indirect form of memory.
  9. Learning can be fast and possibly learning in the case of explicit memory, while learning is usually slow and incremental, but sometimes fast in the case of implicit memory.
  10. In explicit memory, knowledge is available to multiple response systems, whereas in implicit memory, knowledge is inflexible.
  11. Implicit memory cannot be retrieved intentionally, while explicit memory can be retrieved intentionally.
  12. Compared to explicit memory, implicit memory is used much more, since it can be done even in non-moving states and can be exercised by anyone who has had previous experiences that are personal and meet the definition of being registered in what. implicit. memory part.
  13. Implicit memory is a type of nonverbal memory, while explicit memory is a type of verbal memory.

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