Difference Between Government and Parliament

Core difference

Government and parliament are two different terms in a political configuration. Both are considered as the powerful pillar of the country, but they are responsible for the different functions assigned to them by the constitution or any other law of the country. After reading this article, the difference between government and parliament will become clear.

What is the government?

Government is a system of governing a state, country, or community. The government is the means of enforcing the law and the policies of the constitution. In fact, it represents the group of people who are given authority through free and fair elections by eligible citizens to run the country or state. The system of government varies by country. In some countries, the government is headed by the prime minister and in some countries the president is responsible for it. The government performs its functions through different government departments like health department, transportation department, food department, education department, finance department, etc.

What is Parliament?

Parliament is the most powerful and fundamental first pillar of a system of government. It is the representative house of citizens who are elected by the public to hold public office for a fixed period. Parliament is the collective name for two chambers, the “Senate or Upper House” and the “House of Representatives or National Assembly” which are also referred to as the “Lower House”. The parliament is responsible for approving or changing the law of the country. The annual budget is also approved by parliament before the approval of the prime minister or president, whoever is the head of government.

Key differences

  1. Institutions like health department, food department, finance department, etc. they are in charge of the government, while the parliament is responsible for the legislation of the country or for the elaboration or modification of the policies.
  2. Parliament is the name of two chambers, the Senate and the House of Representatives or National Assembly, while government is the name of the public official from the central level to the local level.
  3. The government is accountable to parliament, while parliament is accountable to the public.
  4. Members of parliament or parliamentarian are members of the state and are eligible through an election process, while government officials are the public office that joins the government department through a recruitment process.
  5. Parliament makes the law while the government administers the law.

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