Difference between Fixed and Working Capital

Main difference

The main difference between Fixed Capital and Working Capital is that Fixed Capital mentions the investment of the initiative in long-term possession of the company, while Working Capital means the capital that is invested in the real properties of the company.

Fixed capital vs. working capital

Fixed capital means capital, which is invested in obtaining static assets for a company, while working capital represents the amount of money that is used for daily business activities. Fixed capital is essential to support the proper functioning of the business, it is applied to meet long-term needs, while working capital is also required to service business procedures and is related to help short-term requirements. Fixed capital is used to obtain non-current assets that are requesting an auxiliary accounting period, while working capital is used to achieve elements of daily production and operation.

Fixed capital does not have the ability to turn into cash immediately, while working capital has the ability to turn into money quickly. Fixed capital is required before the business starts, while working capital is required after the business starts. Fixed capital management is tactical, while working capital alignment is operational. Fixed capital requires an additional amount equivalent to working capital, while working capital requires a lesser amount equivalent to fixed capital.

Fixed capital indirectly supports the business, while working capital directly supports the business. Fixed capital suggests benefits for more than one secretarial period, while working capital suggests benefits for less than one accounting period.

Comparative chart

Fixed capital Working capital
They are the investments that are made in business to increase long-term profits. It is the daily prerequisite that inflates in business.
No way Much
Buy non-current assets of the business. Use it for short-term investments.
Cash converters
Not immediately immediately
Strategy Operational
Indirectly Directly
It serves for
Serve companies for a long time Serves the industry for a short time
Accounting period
More than one Less than one
Period of service
The long period The short period

What is fixed capital?

Fixed capital means investments in businesses to increase long-term profits. It is used to generate long-term assets in the corporation. Fixed capital is essential to start a business and is a mandatory requirement; It is not only used to finance the business, but also used to establish the business in its early stage. Fixed capital is the part of that total money that is requested to make the products. Fixed capital depends on its nature in any business that runs for more than one accounting period. It is eternal and exists in the company as a real and elusive asset.

As fixed capital is projected for long-term use and is not efficiently liquidated, although fixed capital is used to buy non-current assets of the company, this is why it is difficult to quickly transfer it to cash. Fixed capital focuses on the accounting preparation of the reduction. Fixed capitals do not serve or produce anything directly. It only helps and indirectly serves the company for long-term profit. Fixed capital is helping the company for a very long period.

Fixed capital alignment is intentional, and fixed capital is not taken regularly in business. It is required when a company intends to make a considerable investment, such as increasing the business or obtaining more fixed assets. Fixed capital expects more capacity when compared to working capital.

What is working capital?

Working capital is an indicator that estimates the fiscal security and operational competence of the company. Working capital is used to invest in daily business activities. The working capital defines the short-term prosperity situation and the liabilities of the company. Working capital is calling for short-term financing, and working capital is the daily need that is driving the business. Required after the business starts and is used to run the business. Working capital directly supports business activities. It remains in operation for less than one accounting period.

Working capital is being earmarked for short-term use and is being quickly liquidated, although working capital is being invested to buy current assets, so it is elementary and easy to transfer in cash right away. Working capital invests directly in businesses to produce anything or buy anything. Serve the company for a short period.

The working capital alignment is operational and the working capital is used regularly in business, such as payments against purchases, wages, wages, etc. Working capital requires less in an amount parallel to fixed capital. The working capital can also be positive and negative if the percentage of current assets to liabilities is less than one, it shows negative working capital. Positive working capital shows that a company deposits its existing procedures and invests for future activities and development. The usual formula for obtaining working capital is minus current assets in current liabilities.

Key differences

  1. Fixed capital is used for business growth, while working capital is used for daily expenses.
  2. Fixed capital is invested in long-term assets and, on the other hand, working capital covers short-term assets.
  3. Fixed capital cannot be converted to cash quickly; conversely, working capital can easily be converted to cash.
  4. Fixed capital is an indirect support of business; conversely, working capital is direct business support.
  5. Fixed capital is strategic; on the other hand, the working capital is operational.
  6. Fixed capital is essential before starting a business, while working capital is essential after starting a business.
  7. Fixed capital demands more quantity; on the other hand, working capital requires a smaller amount compared to the others.

Final Thought

Both fixed capital and working capital are total capital; The two are not in conflict, although fixed capital is required to establish the business, in the same way, working capital is required to run the business. Which is more important is not accessible to analysis.

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