Difference between Citation and Reference

For this reason, in many areas, especially in academia, the use of citations and references is used when ideas outside the writer are taken to argue in a text. These citations and references have a manner of presentation, usually found in APA Standards, to maintain uniformity of presentation but more importantly, to provide access to the original sources of the information.

What is an Appointment?

Quotation is the term used when writing or drafting a text to refer to the reproduction of fragments of words, which were previously used by another, respecting their origin. That is to say, with the citation the already established ideas are taken, maintaining the original meaning and emphasizing that it is an idea foreign to the author, but that it is pertinent to introduce in his written production, with the intention of giving force to an argument, compare a text or even to contradict an idea.

The use of citations is common in literature and linguistics, and it is that they refer to previous works that help to make sense of what the author wishes to formulate. Likewise, citations are usually very frequent in scientific texts, who resort to original sources of information to support or validate the ideas they propose.

There is a correct way to make an appointment, so that whoever reads it understands that they are not the words of the writer but rather that they are taken from another person, respecting copyright, thus preventing it from being considered as plagiarism, which is a crime that can be commits by copying intellectual or artistic production and making it known as his own.

If the citation is short, the text can be enclosed in quotation marks interspersed with the author‘s writing, in which he generally explains the relationship between what has been said by others and his own work. When the quote from another author is extensive, it is presented in a separate block in the writing, with a change in the line spacing or in the font.

If it is an academic text, there is an international standard that regulates the presentation of documents so that their presentation is uniform, by which we refer to the APA (American Phychological Association) Standards, which have a way of presenting the contents, especially if it’s dating.

What is a Reference?

The reference is the information that refers to the original origin of a text, and can be located by the reader if he wishes to consult the original source of a quote. In general, references appear at the end of a written work, in what in previous years was known as a bibliography, but with the rise of technology and easy access to information through other means, such as the Internet , television, radio, periodic circulation media, among many others; and the citations that appear in a text do not only refer to a written production, which is why it currently receives the name of reference.

The references are usually composed of the name of the author and the text consulted (be it a book, article, interview, among others), the date on which the information taken was disclosed, the name of the publisher or the institution that endorses the publication, place in which the work was published, among others. Throughout the written production, quotes are made from the ideas formulated by other people; therefore, each and every one of these citations must be reflected in the references.

The APA Rules establish a particular way of presenting the references according to their origin, so that they are easily accessible in case direct consultation is required, thus respecting the author‘s rights.

Difference between Citation and Reference

  • Quotations are verbatim words taken from the work of an author other than the one who produces a text. On the other hand, the reference contains the data of the author from whom the information was taken, in order to be able to locate the primary source of the information, if required.
  • References go at the end of a written production, while citations appear throughout the text.

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