Difference Between Diamond and Graphite

Main difference

The main difference between diamond and graphite is that diamond is an important substance with extra ordinary brilliance due to its high refractive index while graphite is a different grayish-black substance.

diamond vs. graphite

Diamond is composed of sp 3 hybridized carbon atoms that are a very stable allotrope of carbon. Graphite is composed of sp 2hybridized carbon atoms and is an allotrope of carbon. Diamond is an important substance of great significance with an extra ordinary brilliance due to its high refractive index. Graphite is a grayish-black variegated substance. Diamond does not conduct electricity due to the absence of free ions. Graphite is a good conductor of elegance due to the presence of free ions but poor heat resistance. Diamond is the hardest mineral found in the world and is used as an abrasive to cut and polish other products and gems. . Graphite is the softest mineral and is used to make lead pencils. In jewelry, accessories and crowns; The diamond is used as a gem. In its powdered form, graphite is used as a lubricant for heavy equipment. Diamond is very hard and has numerous industrial applications as a tool for cutting glass and drilling hard rocks. Graphite is used to make black paint and also inks as a result of its dark gray color. Diamonds used in blades that are used to execute delicate operations. Graphite is an excellent conductor of electrical energy and is used in the manufacture of electrodes, which discovered its use in completely dry cells and electric furnaces. Diamond was also used in the production of fine wires, such as those used in electric toasters. Graphite bricks as mediators can be used in atomic reactors. like those used in electric toasters. Graphite bricks as mediators can be used in atomic reactors. like those used in electric toasters. Graphite bricks as mediators can be used in atomic reactors.Comparison chart

Diamond Graphite
Diamond is composed of sp 3 hybridized carbon atoms and has four covalent bonds around a carbon atom. Graphite is composed of sp 2 hybridized carbon atoms and has three covalent bonds around a carbon atom.
Hardness
Diamond is the hardest mineral Graphite is the softest mineral
crystal structure
Face-centered cubic crystal structure flat structure
Transparency
Diamond is a transparent substance Graphite is a grayish-black, opaque substance.
Conductivity
a poor conductor of electricity good conductor of electricity
cost
Expensive Cheaper

What is diamond?

The diamond is composed of sp 3hybridized carbon atoms that are very stable allotropes of carbon. It is a form of carbon that takes crystal form and a cubic system is born thousands of miles below the surface of the earth. Diamond is an expensive stone and naturally created under the earth’s crust refers to actual diameters. Diamond is an important substance of great significance with an extra ordinary brilliance due to its high refractive index. It is born after countless years under heat and high pressure. Diamond is the hardest mineral found in the world and is used as an abrasive to cut glass, rock, and polish other products, as well as gems. Diamond does not conduct electricity and has a higher melting point. In jewelry, accessories and crowns; The diamond is used as a gem.

What is graphite?

Graphite is composed of sp 2hybridized carbon atoms and is an allotrope of carbon; it has three covalent bonds around a carbon atom. The crystal structure of graphite is planar. It is a grayish-black color, a mixture and a non-metallic substance. Graphite is a fine fine conductor due to the presence of free ions but poor heat resistance. Graphite is a mineral that is soft and slippery to the touch and is used to make lead pencils. In its powdered form, graphite is used as a lubricant for heavy equipment. Graphite is used to make black paint and also inks as a result of its dark gray color. Graphite is an excellent conductor and is used in the manufacture of electrodes, which were found to be used in dry cells and electric furnaces. Graphite bricks as mediators can be used in atomic reactors. Graphite is cheaper than diamond.

Key differences

  1. Diamond is a transparent substance, while graphite is a grayish-black opaque substance.
  2. Diamond is the hardest mineral found in the world, on the other hand; graphite is the soft mineral.
  3. Diamond is used to cut glass and hard rock, while graphite is used to make pencils.
  4. Diamond is composed of sp 3 -hybridized carbon atoms , while graphite consists of sp 2 -hybridized carbon atoms .
  5. Diamond has a face-centered cubic crystal structure, while graphite has a planar structure.
  6. Diamond is not a good conductor, while graphite is a good conductor of electricity.
  7. Diamond is expensive while graphite is cheap.

Final Thought

Diamond and graphite are chemically the same, but completely different in atomic and crystal structures. Both are a type of crystalline carbon and are made up of pure carbon.

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