Biology

Difference between deoxyribose and ribose

Main difference

Deoxyribose arises through ribose whenever the hydroxyl group within its structure is replaced with hydrogen. Ribose is the sugar that belongs to the class of pentoses and exists widely on the planet, mainly as part of a component of nucleosides and other vitamins and enzymes.

Deoxyribose vs. ribose

Deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA, and ribonucleic acid, also as RNA, are molecules within the living body that perform various functions within the body. Ribose and deoxyribose are the main components in the production and synthesis of RNA and DNA. The most prominent function of RNA is that it directs the assembly of proteins in ribosomes, on the other hand, DNA in the cell has long-term information storage and is used as a genetic backbone by each and every living thing. Ribose and deoxyribose are the crucial components of nucleotides that are present in RNA and DNA of living organisms, respectively.Both ribose and deoxyribose are monosaccharides or simple sugars,5 H 10 O 5, while deoxyribose has the chemical formula C 5 H 10 O 4. With its known chemical formula, we have detected the main difference between them, the main difference between them is even suggested by the name (deoxy) in itself as in this an oxygen atom is cut off compared to ribose.

Comparative chart

Base Deoxyribose Ribose
Definition It arises through ribose whenever the hydroxyl group within its structure is replaced with hydrogen. The sugar that belongs to the class of pentoses and exists widely on the planet, mainly as part of a component of nucleosides and other vitamins and enzymes.
Chemical formula Deoxyribose has the chemical formula C 5 H 10 O 4. Ribose has the chemical formula C 5 H 10 O 5
Discovered Deoxyribose was first discovered by Phoebus Levene in 1929. Ribose was first discovered by Emil Fischer in 189.
Enantiomers Deoxyribose has 2 enantiomers, D-2-deoxyribose and L-2-deoxyribose. Ribose has two enantiomers; D-ribose and L-ribose.
Location DNA RNA
Existence It exists as a modified sugar and does not have an oxygen atom with carbon. It exists as a normal sugar that has an oxygen atom attached to each carbon atom.
Structure Pentagon that has a loss of an -OH group in the second position of the ring. Pentagon that is stable with the oxygen atom.
What is deoxyribose?

Deoxyribose is the pentose monascahhrida or simple sugar that is one of the main components in the formation of DNA and it is even found in DNA. As the name suggests, the only difference it has from ribose, which is another active component used in the production of nucleotides, is that it contains one less oxygen atom. The chemical formula for deoxyribose is C 5 H 10 O 4.With this difference of an oxygen atom, an enzyme recognizes them and collaborates for the subsequent production. Deoxyribose was first discovered by Phoebus Levene in 1929. Deoxyribose has 2 enantiomers, D-2-deoxyribose and L-2-deoxyribose. D-2-deoxyribose is the main component of DNA, therefore it is widely present in nature, on the other hand, L-2-deoxyribose is rarely present in nature. It should be mentioned that there is only one oxygen atom difference between ribose and deoxyribose, an addition of oxygen can make deoxyribose a ribose.

What is ribose?

Ribose is the pentose monascahhrida or simple sugar that is one of the main components in the formation of RNA and it is even found in RNA. The chemical formula for ribose is C 5 H 10 O 5.Ribose is a 5-carbon sugar found in nucleic acids, which is why it is called a pentose sugar. And as the formula and composition of ribose say 5 oxygen atoms and 5 carbon atoms. The chemical structure is excellent with one oxygen atom attached to each carbon atom. Ribose has two enantiomers; D-ribose and L-ribose, of which, D-ribose is widely present in nature, while L-ribose is lacking in nature. Ribose was first discovered by Emil Fischer in 1891.

Key differences

  1. Deoxyribose arises through ribose whenever the hydroxyl group within its structure is replaced with hydrogen. On the other hand, ribose is the sugar that belongs to the class of pentoses and exists widely on the planet, mainly as part of a component of nucleosides and other vitamins and enzymes.
  2. Ribose has its location within RNA, on the other hand, deoxyribose has its location within the structure of DNA.
  3. Ribose exists as a normal sugar that has one oxygen atom attached to each carbon atom. On the other hand, deoxyribose exists as a modified sugar and does not have an oxygen atom with carbon.
  4. A deoxyribose is not exactly the same as a ribose in that it lacks a particle of oxygen and does not contain the accumulation of liquor. Ribose is an active sugar made in the body from glucose and is a central segment of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), this aggravates that stores and transmits vitality to all cells.
  5. Both have almost the same structure, but the only difference occurs when an -OH group is lost in the second position of the ring.
  6. Both ribose and deoxyribose perform their tasks in the same way, with the only difference being the way they implement things and the outcome of the results.

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