Difference between cytoplasm and nucleoplasm

Main difference

The main difference between cytoplasm and nucleoplasm is that cytoplasm is the part of the protoplasm of a cell that is present outside the nucleus within the cell, while nucleoplasm is the part of the protoplasm of a cell that is present within the nucleus. inside the cell. .

Cytoplasm versus protoplasm

The cytoplasm is the gelatinous mass of the cell that is present outside the nucleus, while the nucleoplasm is the highly gelatinous mass of the cell that is present within the nucleus. The cytoplasm is covered by the plasma membrane, while the nucleoplasm is covered by the nuclear membrane. The cytoplasm contains all the important enzymes and minerals that are important for carrying out some important cell reactions; on the other hand, the nucleoplasm contains all the important enzymes that are important for the formation of DNA, RNA and proteins.

The cytoplasm is generally known for its gelatinous ability on the other hand, nucleoplasm known primarily for its highly gelatinous ability. The cytoplasm is present in all cells of living organisms, including the cells of microorganisms, while nucleoplasm is not present in all cells of living organisms: the cytoplasm participates in cell division, while the nucleoplasm participates in the nuclear division. The cytoplasm is the part of the cell that contains all the organelles of the cell, while the nucleoplasm is the part of the cell that contains nuclear and nucleolus content within the nucleus.

The cytoplasm is the fluid content that is under the movement of the organelles, which is called cyclosis, while the nucleoplasm has no such movement. The cytoplasm contains two portions of sol and gel, while the nucleoplasm does not contain such portions. The cytoplasm does not have nucleotide formation sites, whereas the nucleoplasm has nucleotide and nucleoside formation sites.

Comparative chart
Cytoplasm Nucleoplasm
Cytoplasm is the part of a cell’s protoplasm that is present outside the nucleus inside the cell. The nucleoplasm is the part of the protoplasm of a cell that is present within the nucleus within the cell.
Location
Outside the core Inside the core
Structure
Less gelatinous structure Very gelatinous structure
Membrane
The outer membrane is a plasma membrane. The outer membrane is a nuclear membrane.
Contents
Contains enzymes, proteins, salts and minerals. Contains enzymes, organic acids, salts, etc.
Idea
In all known cells Only in eukaryotic cells
Division
Participates in cell division Participate in the nuclear division
Dive
Cell organelles Nucleolus
Cyclosis
Organelles move No movement in it
SITES
For the formation of proteins and ATP For the formation of DNA and RNA

What is the cytoplasm?

The cytoplasm is the part of the cell’s protoplasm that is present inside the cell but outside the nucleus. It is the site where all the important organelles of the cell are present, including the nucleus. The cytoplasm is covered by the plasma membrane or the cell membrane. In the cytoplasm, all the organelles are undergoing movement which refers to the cyclosis or flow movement or dead slow movement of the cell organelles.

The cytoplasm is a gelatinous structure but smaller than the nucleoplasm. The cytoplasm contains all the important contents of the cell, such as proteins, amino acids, minerals, enzymes and salts. The enzymes that are present in the cytoplasm are very necessary to carry out all the important functions of the cells, such as glycolysis, the formation of ATP and the synthesis of proteins and amino acids.

The cytoplasm is the part of the cell that undergoes cell division, the entire cell division in which the cell divides into two daughter cells. The cytoplasm contains all the important organelles of the cell that are involved in different functions of the cells, such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplasts, Golgi apparatus, etc. The cytoplasm is present in all cells that are known today, such as prokaryotes. and eukaryotes.

Physical nature

  • Sol-Like: A less dense structure that is present near the nucleus called the endoplasm.
  • Gel-Like: Dense structure that is present near the plasma membrane called ectoplasm.

What is nucleoplasm?

The nucleoplasm is the part of the cell’s protoplasm that is present within the nucleus within the cell. The nucleoplasm is the site of the cell that also contains all the important organelles which are the nucleolus, etc. It involves the formation of ribosomes and is also known as the ribosome factory. Nucleoplasm always covered by the nuclear membrane.

In nucleoplasm, there are no organelles and the nuclear content is under movement refers to cyclosis or flow movement or dead slow movement of organelles. The nucleoplasm is a more gelatinous structure than the cytoplasm. The nucleoplasm contains nuclear contents such as DNA, RNA, proteins, enzymes, salts, organic acids. It contains enzymes that are very necessary for the synthesis of DNA and RNA.

It also contains enzymes that are involved in cell division and nuclear division and the formation of chromatin, etc. The nucleoplasm is involved in nuclear division which is also known as karyokinesis. It divides the nucleus into two daughter nuclei. Nucleoplasm is present in few cells, such as eukaryotic cells and cells that contain a nucleus. The nucleoplasm also contains some nuclear pores that may or may not continue with the cytoplasm.

Portions
  • Central Region: Present inside the nucleus they contain rDNA and rRNA.
  • Peripheral region: Present on the outer side contains RNA.

Key differences

  1. The cytoplasm is present on the outer side of the nucleus, while the protoplasm is present on the inner side of the nucleus.
  2. The cytoplasm is covered by the cell membrane, while the protoplasm is covered by the membrane of the nucleus.
  3. The cytoplasm contains organelles of the cell; on the other hand, the nucleoplasm contains the only nucleolus.
  4. The cytoplasm can carry out cell movement through cell organelles; on the other hand, the nucleoplasm contains a nucleolus that cannot carry out cell movement.
  5. The cytoplasm is present in all the cells of the earth, while the nucleoplasm is present only in the cells of some organisms.
  6. The cytoplasm can perform cytokinesis, while the nucleoplasm can perform karyokinesis.

Final Thought

The above discussion concludes that the cytoplasm is the part of the protoplasm that does not contain chromatin material, while the nucleoplasm is the part of the protoplasm that contains chromatin material.

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