Difference between cumin and fennel

Main difference

The difference between cumin and fennel is that cumin comes from the Cuminum cyminum plant, while fennel comes from the Foeniculum vulgare plant.

Cumin vs. Fennel

Cumin and fennel seeds are overused in cooking and for a number of other reasons. Cumin seeds are obtained from a plant whose botanical name is Cuminum Cyminum, while fennel comes from a plant whose botanical name is Foeniculum vulgare. Cumin is usually brown in color, while fennel seeds are greenish in color. Both seeds belong to the Apiaceae family. Vegetable cumin grows up to a foot to fifty centimeters tall and fennel grows up to eight feet tall (2.5 m). Only the seeds of the plant are edible when it comes to cumin, but for fennel seeds and stem, both are edible. Cumin seeds are four to ten millimeters long and furrowed lengthwise; Besides this, these are oblong in shape. Fennel seeds are also the same size and shape, but they are aromatic and used for flavor. Cumin is rich in iron, while fennel has a sufficient concentration of dietary fiber and minerals. Cumin was first found in the eastern Mediterranean and India, while fennel originated off the coasts of Mediterranean countries.

Comparative chart

Cumin Fennel
Cuminum cyminum Foeniculum vulgare
Plant size
thirty to fifty centimeters tall two and a half meters high (2.5 m)
Seed size
four to ten millimeters long four to ten millimeters long
Seed color
Yellow or brown Green color
Aromatic property
Simply aromatic by nature Very aromatic by nature
Edible property
Only the seeds are edible Both the seed and the stem are edible
Flower color
White or pink Yellow
Seed shape
Oblong in shape and longitudinally striated Oblong in shape
Source
Eastern Mediterranean and India On the shores of Mediterranean countries
Kingdom
Plantae Plantae
Order
Apiales Apiales
Family
Apiaceae (Umbellate)
Gender
Cumin Foeniculum
Species
cyminum vulgar
What is cumin?

Cumin is a perennial herb that belongs to the carrot family and is a flowering plant. The plant has feathery leaves and beautiful small flowers that are usually yellow in color and are eighteen inches long. It was found mainly in the eastern Mediterranean and India, but now, due to the advancement of technology and science in agriculture, it is being cultivated in many parts of the world. Science has proven many medical uses for cumin and therefore it is also used for various reasons, including medication and cooking. Heals certain skin types, hair loss and anemia. In addition, it also helps prevent the formation of mucous membranes in the respiratory tract and dandruff problems. It improves digestion and is used in many remedies mainly by Asian women, that is, for various facial packs. Cumin seeds are dried in Western and Asian countries and are used as an essential ingredient in cooking. In addition, it is also used to decorate dishes. Apart from culinary uses, it is also used for the production of oil and alcohol. These are used both on the ground and in full form. Cumin is a good source of iron and in addition to the presence of iron, it has many other metabolites such as cuminaldehyde, cymene and terpenoids, so these are also healthy to consume. As for the flavor of the seed, it is an excellent combination of earthy, musky and slightly bitter and spicy that reaches our palate after a few moments of ingestion. These are used both on the ground and in full form. Cumin is a good source of iron and in addition to the presence of iron, it has many other metabolites such as cuminaldehyde, cymene and terpenoids, so these are also healthy to consume. As for the flavor of the seed, it is an excellent combination of earthy, musky and slightly bitter and spicy that reaches our palate after a few moments of ingestion. These are used both on the ground and in full form. Cumin is a good source of iron and in addition to the presence of iron, it has many other metabolites such as cuminaldehyde, cymene and terpenoids, so these are also healthy to consume. As for the flavor of the seed, it is an excellent combination of earthy, musky and slightly bitter and spicy that reaches our palate after a few moments of ingestion.

What is fennel?

Fennel of the Kingdom: Plantae, Genus: Foeniculum and Species: vulgare has distinguished a fascinating aroma. It was first found on the coasts of the Mediterranean countries. The seeds of the plant are greenish in color. The stem is bulb-shaped and is also edible as seeds. The leaves of the plant are approximately forty centimeters long. The plant is very delicate and grows up to eight feet long. The seeds of the plant when dried are very aromatic and taste good too. The taste could be explained because they are sweet, light and fresh and have an earthy aroma. The seeds when they age change color to gray. It is a widely used domestic spice and is used for cooking. It also has many medical uses. Helps cure heartburn, bloating and diarrhea. It helps boost the body’s immunity and helps improve digestion and appetite. It is very useful for patients with constipation and eliminates flatulence. It has been used for centuries to treat coughs and bronchitis as a home remedy.

Key differences

  1. Cumin comes from the Cuminum cyminum plant, while fennel comes from the Foeniculum vulgare plant.
  2. The cumin plant is between 30 and 50 cm tall and the fennel plant is about 2.5 m tall.
  3. Cumin seeds are four to ten millimeters long and yellow or brown in color, while fennel seeds are greenish in color.
  4. Only the seeds of the cumin plant are edible, while the seeds and stem are edible in the case of fennel.
  5. The flowers of the cumin plant are white and pink, but the flowers of the fennel plant are yellow.
  6. The cumin plant was mainly found in the eastern Mediterranean and India, and the fennel plant was basically found on the coasts of the Mediterranean countries.
  7. Fennel is used more as a condiment and digestive after meals, while cumin is used more during cooking as a spice.
Final Thought

Cumin and fennel are very similar to each other, but they are very different plants in terms of taste, aroma, and uses. Both are used as a culinary product, but fennel is used more as a condiment and digestive after meals, while cumin is used more during cooking as a spice to flavor the dish and also to garnish the recipe.

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