It is an ordered, unitary and systematized set of legal norms and principles, created through a codifying movement. An example of code is the oldest known legal bodies:
- The tablets from the archaic city of Ebla (2400 BC) are the oldest fragments of a legal code.
- The Code of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur (ca. 2050 BC)
- The Ešnunna Code (ca. 1930 BC)
- The Lipit-Ishtar Code of Isin (ca. 1870 BC)
- Hammurabi’s code (1760 BC).
It is known as a group of systematic legal norms that regulate a certain matter in a unitary way.
It is a normative body that normalizes a section of a branch of law. A Stock Market Law regularizes the operations determined in it, the Foreign Investment Law regularizes the processes of foreign investment in a nation.
It is a legal rule that is imposed by a legislator, limiting the free will of people in a society.
Difference Between Code and Law
- A code is a systematic and homogeneous collection of laws that normalize a branch of law.
- The codes integrate several laws related to each other with the aim of grouping and constituting a homogeneous whole.
- The law is a legal norm dictated by a legislator.
- The law specifies the free will of people who live within a society.