Difference Between Civil Court and Criminal Court

Core difference

The judiciary is the second most important pillar of a governance system after the parliament. The judiciary enforces the law through different courts. These different courts deal with different types of legal problems. Criminal court, civil court, family court, traffic court, juvenile court, small claims court, etc. They are different types of courts. Here, we will discuss about civil court and criminal court.

What is the Civil Court?

Civil court refers to the court that hears cases except assault, robbery, murder, arson, rape, etc. This cost hears cases relevant to business, agency, housing case, family case such as divorce or custody, consumer issues such as debt or bankruptcy, or other cases involving property damage or personal injury. The person or the government, mostly one person, sues another person because of a dispute between them over money and debts, property, housing, an injury (car accident, medical malpractice, etc.), family problems, etc. Defendant is liable to pay fine or portion of property if proven guilty.

What is the Criminal Court?

Criminal court is a court that hears cases involving crimes such as assault, robbery, murder, arson, rape, terrorism, and other types of crimes. The government, known as the prosecution, brings a case against the defendant, known as the defendant. The prosecution must prove with solid evidence that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. If the defendant or defendant is found guilty, he will be declared a criminal and sent to jail or a fine or jail and a fine. In cases of murder or terrorism, capital punishment can be imposed.

Key differences
  1. The power of the criminal court is more than a civil court. The criminal court can order both imprisonment and fine if the crime is proven and the civil court mostly orders money or a fine to be paid.
  2. In civil court, a person or the government brings a case against another person or defendant, while in criminal court the case is brought by the government.
  3. Civil court decisions result in monetary or equitable compensation and criminal court decisions end in talion compensation.
  4. The civil court deals with assault, robbery, rape, etc. The criminal court deals with disputes related to property, agreements, family matters, etc.

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