Difference Between Catholic and Protestant

Main difference

Catholicism and Protestantism are two important basic denominations in Christianity. Although there are three main groups that divide Christianity and Christians into three sects which include these two and the third minor which is Orthodoxy. Catholicism or Roman Catholicism is a kind of major sect in Christianity; it is based on the teaching of the traditional Roman Catholic Church. While on the other hand Protestant or Protestantism is furthermore a Reformed sect of Christianity that compels the Reformed teachings in place of the traditional teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

Comparison chart

Catholic Protestant
Catholic or Catholicism is the set of beliefs in the Roman Catholic Church that was established in 315 AD Protestant or Protestantism is the belief that contradicts the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church. It is a reformed version of Christianity and its beliefs.
Roman empire Roman Empire but reforms originated in Germany.
Pope’s Authority
Accepted and the Supremacy of the Pope is preserved. deny papal supremacy. He denies the authority of the Pope.
Meaning of terms
Catholic means “Universal.” Protestant means “to protest.”
Originated in
315 AD 1517 AD
1.2 billion 590 million
It is a special place that is used to cleanse and cleanse people of their sins. Here also the punishments for different sins are given. There is no such concept.

What is catholic?

Catholic or Catholicism refers to the denomination of most Christians and their belief in the teachings of the traditional Roman Catholic Church. Although there are also two other main sects in Christianity that contradict the beliefs and teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. That is Protestant and Orthodox. Catholicism is not a type of sect, as it is a developed form of Christianity, but is based on the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. All rules and regulations are in accordance with the First Council of Constantinople in 381. Unlike the Reformed divisions in Christianity that deny the traditional teachings and beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church, Catholicism retains all traditional teachings.

What is Protestant?

Protestant or Protestantism refers to the Reformed sect of Christianity that covers the second largest Christian population after Catholicism. It is a kind of reformed group that considers itself revolutionized and that ignores some traditional teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Protestantism was founded in 1517 by a German prince, Martin Luther, who published his Ninety-Five Theses on the subject. Protestantism contradicts Catholicism in several beliefs. The Protestant does not accept the concept of papal supremacy. Which means that they do not consider the Catholic Pope as a guide or supreme authority and completely deny the Roman Catholic doctrine. They also have a different belief than Catholics in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist. Also, they care more about faith than about works, and they only consider that the Bible is to be believed only by denying all the traditional and moral scriptures of the Roman Catholic Church. Protestants have a set of five principles that are called “Five Solae” and are reformed contrary to the teachings of Catholicism.

Key differences

  1. Catholics believe in the traditional teaching of the Roman Catholic Church.
  2. Protestants do not believe in the supremacy of the Pope and contradict the concept of believing in any other scripture than the Bible.
  3. Protestants possess Five Solae which contradicts the basic teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.
  4. Protestants believe that works are not only concerned with faith.
  5. Protestants deny the Pope and other scriptures other than the Bible.

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