What is the Difference between Butter and Margarine?

Butter Vs Margarine

Butter and margarine are two foods that although they seem to be the same, they are not. Butter is a dairy product created in Mesopotamia 9000 years BC It was highly appreciated by different civilizations, however its production and maintenance were not exactly accessible. Due to this reason, margarine was created as a more affordable option than butter.What is the Difference between Butter and Margarine

What is the Difference between Butter and Margarine in tabular form?

Comparison table

What is it? Butter is a mixture of ingredients such as water, fat and dairy residues (milk cream) that are beaten, mixed, kneaded until a smooth, yellow, homogeneous paste is obtained. This is an important ingredient in various dishes, as well as being a highly appreciated accompaniment to breakfast in various countries. As for margarine, this is a kind of substitute for butter. It was created as a more durable, economical, and easy-to-make alternative to butter. In this way, the poorest population of France in the 19th century could have access to a product similar to butter, which was expensive and difficult to make.

Nowadays margarine is as popular as butter.

Ingredients Animal fat, milk cream solids and water. Vegetable fat, skim milk, salt and emulsifiers.
Average of fat Butter has a very high percentage of fat; up to 95% of its total content is actually fat. In this content, saturated fat predominates. Butter is considered to have significant levels of cholesterol, so it is recommended to use it sparingly. On the other hand, most margarines contain a fat percentage of 80%. Most of this is monounsaturated fat, although it also contains a significant level of hydrogenated fats. Today there are cholesterol-free margarines, however, this does not mean that consuming them in excess does not represent a significant health risk.
health effects The consumption of butter is not recommended because it is dangerous to saturated fats and because of its high cholesterol levels. In addition, butter has significant levels of sodium. It is for this reason that, although it has been proven that butter is less harmful to health than margarine in general, its daily consumption is not recommended. For a long time, margarine was considered a better choice for health than butter. This, mainly, due to its vegetable origin. However, it has been proven that trans fats are more dangerous than saturated fats for humans. It is worth mentioning that margarine has lower levels of cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium than butter. However, putting everything on the scale, the consumption of margarine is less recommended than that of butter.

What is ButterWhat is Butter?

Butter is the emulsion of water, fat and milk solids that is obtained as a result of beating, washing and kneading fat globules that are formed when cream or cream is churned and is suitable for human consumption with and without maturation. by lactic bacteria. Its yellowish color is due to the presence of beta-carotene.

Read: Difference between peanut butter and jelly

The variation in its elaboration causes that there are different flavors and different consistency. Butter contains three types of fats such as free fats, undamaged fat globules and crystallized fats. Those butters that have these last fats are harder and those that have free fats are much softer.

Commercial butter contains 80% fat and 15% water, while artisanal butter contains 65% fat and 30% water. There are several types of butter such as sour butter and sweet butter. The first occurs after the acidification of the cream and the second before the acidification of the cream.

Read: Difference between buttermilk and milk

What is MargarineWhat is Margarine?

It is a generic term to describe the different types of fats used to replace butter. Its origin is due to the discovery of margaric acid by Michel Eugène Chevreul in 1813. It was thought that this acid combined with two others formed animal fats. It was later discovered that it was nothing more than the combination of stearic acid and palmitic acid.

Read: Difference between cheese and butter

What is Margarine

 It was discovered by the pharmacist Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés who made a white emulsion resulting from fractionated cow fat with milk and water by order of Emperor Napoleon III who required a cheaper substitute for butter. Butyrine and water are added to this emulsion to give it a flavor similar to margarine. After his invention, margarine evolved. Today there are margarines with phytosterols, to reduce cholesterol levels.

Differences between butter and margarine in points

  • Butter is an animal fat made from milk. They do not contain additional additives except preservatives and food colorings. Nutrients and various substances are also added to make it much more nutritious.
  • Butter has more saturated fat and cholesterol.
  • Margarine contains unsaturated fat and no cholesterol, however, the effect of this fat on the body is negative.

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