Branches of Chemistry

Chemistry studies the composition, properties and changes that matter undergoes, such as what happens when sodium reacts with water, or what happens when iron is exposed to the elements.

organic chemistry

It is the branch of chemistry that studies carbon and its compounds, better known as organic compounds. First, organic compounds were considered to be those compounds produced by living organisms. Today, however, chemists can synthesize many of these compounds in the laboratory.

Inorganic chemistry

This branch studies inorganic compounds such as salts and minerals. These compounds are found in nature and cannot be synthesized by living things.

Analytic chemistry

It is responsible for the analysis of substances. The main tasks of chemists in this field are to detect the presence of substances in mixtures (qualitative analysis) or to measure how much of a substance there is in a composition.


It studies the structure and function of biological molecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. In biochemistry, chemistry and biology are related.


It is the application of biochemistry and biology to create and modify genetic material or organisms for a specific purpose.

It is specified in the creation of crops resistant to diseases, for the production of biofuels and for the production of inputs and supplements, among others.


Analyzes the interaction of light with molecules, supramolecular systems and biological matter. These study the phenomena of luminescence, photosynthesis, phototherapy and the effects of UV and visible radiation and use of solar energy.

Biological Chemistry

Examines the chemical compounds and reactions involved in biological processes. For example, the search for compounds that slow blood coagulation in some plants may be a strategy for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


This process methods and conversion processes using catalysts, catalysts are mixed that speed up chemical reactions. For example, hydrogen peroxide can be transformed into water and oxygen, but under normal conditions this takes a long time. If a catalyst is placed on it, such as manganese dioxide, the reaction is almost immediate.

materials chemistry

Experimental and theoretical studies for the understanding, application, properties and synthesis of new materials. The research of these new materials aims to improve their performance and physical assets.

Enviromental chemistry

She is experienced in studying the chemical processes of air, water and soil. Among the tasks of environmental chemistry is the measurement of pollutants, such as mercury, in soils and water supplies. It also measures gas emissions and waste leaks from industries.

Physical chemistry

Study and analyze why chemical systems behave the way they do by applying physicsPhysical chemists study the physical properties and behavior of matter, as well as try to develop models and theories to describe them.

medicinal chemistry

It specializes in the design, synthesis and evaluation of new chemical and biochemical entities with the potential to be used as pharmacological agents or potential drugs. It is an interdisciplinary sector that has contributions to chemistry from biology, biochemistry, medicine and pharmacology.

computational chemistry

They use computer simulation to solve chemical problems, in computational chemistry computer science, mathematics and chemistry are related to evaluate chemical structures and processes, with the advantage of saving time and reagents.

forensic chemistry

This branch opts for chemical analysis in the context of forensic and criminal investigation, to analyze samples or traces of samples from crime scenes. For example, in fire investigations, a forensic chemist can determine if the fire was started by gasoline or kerosene.

polymer chemistry

Specialized in the synthesis and analysis of polymers, their structure and function, in particular synthetic polymers such as plastics and rubbers. Polymers are long structures made up of repeating units, such as nylon, DNA, and plastics.

green chemistry

It is related to the set of principles that reduce and eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in the design, manufacture and application of chemical products. Its objective is to reduce the environmental impact of chemical companies.


Analyzes the refining and processing processes of oil and its derivatives, studies the composition of oil and natural gas and how to transform them into useful compounds, for example, fuel.

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