Biology

Difference between bamboo and reed

Main difference

The main difference between bamboo and reed is that bamboo is a tall, hollow grass with no secondary growth, while reed is tall, flexible, woody-stemmed grass.

Bamboo against cane

The word “bamboo” has originated from Malay origin through the Dutch or Portuguese languages; on the other hand, the word “cane” has originated from the Akkadian origin of the word “qanu” which means tube through the old French cane.

Bamboo is a herb that belongs to the Bambusa genera of the Poaceae family, while reed is also a herb that belongs to two genera of the Poaceae family such as Arundo and Arundinaria. Bamboo is taller and commonly grows in South Asian countries and exhibits the diversity of more than 1462 species and 115 genera, which are known; on the other hand, the sugarcane is native to South and Western America.

Bamboo is one of the grasses that belongs to the Poaceae family gives rise to the tallest grasses such as giant bamboos, while reed is the grass that also belongs to the Poaceae family gives rise to woody and flexible grasses. Bamboos are found to exist in warm, tropical, and temperate regions that bear geographically important stems, while cane is found in South and West America in different temperate regions.

Bamboos are widely used in building materials, livestock feeders, food, and in papermaking; on the other hand, the walking stick is used in decorative applications such as furniture, chairs, baskets and, more commonly, for walking sticks.

Comparative chart
Bamboo Cane
Bamboo is the perennial plant that is an angiosperm and hollow tube with no secondary growth and dicot woody xylem. The cane is the perennial plant that has a flexible and woody stem originating from one of the two genera of the Poaceae family which are Arundo and Arundinaria.
Family
Poaceae family One of the two genera of the Poaceae family.
Source
Malay to Dutch or Portuguese Akkadian through French
Idea
South Asia West and South America
Examples
Giant bamboo, bamboo flower, Bambusa vulgaris Change cane, Giant cane
Applications
Building materials, food, raw materials, papermaking. Furniture, baskets, walking sticks, roofing

What is bamboo?

Bamboo belongs to the grass family of plants in the Poaceae family It is a perennial plant that lives for more than two years. It is angiosperm. The word ‘bamboo’ has originated from Malay origin through the Dutch or Portuguese languages. They are native to the countries of South Asia in the hot and humid tropical climate of the temperate regions of the Earth. They are also known to be found in cold mountain and highland forests. The presence of the Bracteate trait, which is the association of the reproductive structure with the modified leaf, has made it the ancient and primitive herb.

Bamboo has scattered vascular bundles on the stem without growth rings and sapwood. The internodal regions of the stem are hollow as in some other grasses. In the inflorescence there are three spikelets, three stigmas and six stamens. They are considered to be the fastest growing plants, as they can grow at a rate of 36 inches per day, as giant bamboos are the tallest grass plants. Secondary growth and dicot woody xylem are absent in bamboos. Bamboos serve as building material, food (such as seeds and young shoots) and raw material (for livestock feeders), and commonly for making paper. According to their geographical importance, they have been classified into tribes.

Bamboo tribes
  • Herbaceous Bamboos : They are herbaceous and do not have a woody stem.
  • Bamboos woody tropical : Includes woody bamboos of tropical regions, such as the giant bamboos.
  • Temperate Woody Bamboos : These are woody bamboos from warm temperate regions.

What is Cane?

Reed is also a perennial plant like bamboo and is grass. The cane has somewhat flexible and woody stems. It is obtained after peeling the vine. The word cane originated in Akkadian origin as a «qanu» which means tube or cane through the old French cane which means «sugar cane». The cane belongs to one of the two genera of the Poaceae family which are Arundo and Arundinaria.

Cane is like a hard-stemmed tule that is native to North America, found in South and Western America. The word cane describes the different terms like North American baskets, wicker furniture, cane work, etc. Rod examples include the Switch rod and the Gigante rod.

Applications

The reed has found wider applications depending on the strength of the reed, in various fields. In ancient times, it was used for baskets, furniture, roofs. Now the cane is commonly used in the manufacture of canes and crutches. In modern applications, it is useful for making chairs, tables, and a variety of differently designed furniture in homes, offices, and in various locations.

Key differences

  1. Bamboo is the genus of the Poaceae family, while reed is one of the two genera of Poaceae.
  2. Bamboo has originated from Malay origin to Dutch or Portuguese origin; on the other hand, the cane has its origin in the Akkadian origin through the old French word “qanu” which means sugar cane.
  3. Bamboo is a long, hollow stem with scattered vascular bundles, while reed is a long, flexible, and woody stem.
  4. Bamboo is native to the countries of South Asia commonly; On the other side of the coin, the cane is native to South and Western America.
  5. Bamboo includes three tribes based on geographic meaning such as herbaceous bamboos, tropical woody bamboos, and temperate woody bamboos, while reed does not include geographic tribes.
  6. Bamboos have broader applications in the manufacture of building materials, food, raw materials, and paper; on the other hand, the cane is used in furniture, canes, crutches, roofs and baskets.
  7. The bamboos include the giant bamboos, Bambusa vulgaris, the bamboo flower, etc., while the reed includes the change reed and the giant reed, etc.
Final Thought

Bamboo is a long, hollow, perennial angiosperm, with scattered vascular bundles, while the reed is the perennial, long, flexible and woody stem, both belonging to the Poaceae family.

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