Persons

Difference Between Authority and Responsibility

Main difference

The main difference between authority and responsibility is that authority is the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience, and responsibility is the ability or having a job to deal with something, or to have mastery. about someone

Authority versus responsibility

Authority is the right of a preferable to give orders and directions to his subordinates to get things done. Responsibility means the duties authorized to a person at the time of the delegation of authority. Authority can be designated, but not responsibility. The term “authority” means the ability or rights authorized to an individual to make decisions, while “responsibility” is a contract to maintain and manage assigned authority. Authority usually arises because of the boss’s position in the organization. Responsibility arises from the relationship between the superior and the subordinate whereby the subordinate agrees to perform the tasks assigned to him.

Comparison chart

Authority Responsibility
Authority is the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce duty. Responsibility is the case or fact of having the duty to deal with something, or to have control over someone.
Functions
Here, orders and commands play an imperative role. Here, duties and obedience play an imperative role.
requires
Ability to give orders. Ability to follow orders.
Flow
Its flow is downward. Its flow is upward.
Duration
Continue for a long period. Finish, as soon as the task adapts.
basically
Is power. It is a must.
Delegation
It can be a delegate to others. Cannot be a delegate.
results of
Formal position in an organization superior-subordinate relationship
Target
Make decisions and implement them. Execute functions assigned by superior.

What is authority?

Authorityit is the legitimate right to give the order, order or instruction and compel subordinates to perform a certain act. The legal and academic right of the manager or supervisor or any of the top executives of the organization to command subordinates, give them orders, instructions and directions and access obedience. The manager is appointed to make decisions, related to the performance or non-performance of a task in a particular way, to achieve organizational objectives. It consists of some permissions and the right to act for the organization in a particular area. Authority is the ability of a person or institution to carry out a certain lifestyle for another person or group. Authority is known as one of the foundations of society and is based on cooperation. Maintaining lifestyle patterns as a result of authority is called obedience, and authority as a concept includes most instances of leadership. The authority derived from an individual’s position in the organization and the strength of the authority is superlative at the top level and decreases as we go down the corporate ranking. Therefore, it flows from the top down, giving authority to the superior over the subordinate.

Although the authority is usually described as a human being, divine authority is also frequently mentioned. Secure community power creates authority. This power can be materialistic or fictitious. The power remains for the possible use of sanction. You can’t use a prominent position in an organization if you don’t have any authority. It is the authority; that analyzes one position from that of another and confers the power on the anxious individual, to order his subordinates and obtain the necessary compliance. Authority is the right to exercise power, which may be formalized by a state and exercised through judges, appointed government executives, or ecclesiastical or priestly representatives of a God or other deities. There are two forms of authority

  • Official authority: The authority that allows the manager, to be able to command his subordinates, by his designation in the organization.
  • Personal authority: Expresses the ability by which a person influences the behavior of other people in an organization.

What is responsibility?

Responsibility is the task that managers assign to subordinates. It means moral promise to do the assigned work. A person who does some work has a responsibility to do it. It is the obligation to perform the assigned task. It is the duty or task that is assigned to a person. “Responsibility is a person’s commitment to carry out assigned activities to the best of his or her ability.” It is “the obligation to fulfill the duties and achieve the goals related to a position”. The responsibility ends when the person has fulfilled the assigned task. If a person is responsible for the assigned task, he will be committed to carrying it out effectively. A responsibility is something you must do as an honorable member of a community. It is the social force that binds you to the courses of action that force demands. A duty or commitment to satisfactorily perform or complete a task (assigned by someone or created by one’s promise or circumstances) that one must perform and that carries a consequential penalty for failure. Responsibility is the contract of an individual, be it a director or any other employee of the organization to carry out the task or duty assigned by the superior. The one who accepts the task retained the responsibility for the performance from him, that is, when an employee takes responsibility for the action, at the same time, he also becomes responsible for the consequences of it. There are two forms of responsibility either a director or any other employee of the organization to carry out the task or duty assigned by the superior. The one who accepts the task retained responsibility for its performance, that is, when an employee takes responsibility for the action, at the same time, he also takes responsibility for its consequences. There are two forms of responsibility either a director or any other employee of the organization to carry out the task or duty assigned by the superior. The one who accepts the task retained the responsibility for the performance from him, that is, when an employee takes responsibility for the action, at the same time, he also becomes responsible for the consequences of it. There are two forms of liability There are two forms of responsibility either a director or any other employee of the organization to carry out the task or duty assigned by the superior. The one who accepts the task retained the responsibility for the performance from him, that is, when an employee takes responsibility for the action, at the same time, he also becomes responsible for the consequences of it. There are two forms of liability There are two forms of responsibility either a director or any other employee of the organization to carry out the task or duty assigned by the superior. The one who accepts the task retained the responsibility for the performance from him, that is, when an employee takes responsibility for the action, at the same time, he also becomes responsible for the consequences of it. There are two forms of liability

  • Operational Responsibility: Operational responsibility is an individual’s obligation to perform assigned tasks.
  • Ultimate Responsibility: Ultimate responsibility is the ultimate obligation of the manager, who ensures that the employees perform the task efficiently.

Key differences

  1. Authority is the legal right of a superior to command his subordinates. Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform the work assigned by his superior.
  2. The authority can be authorized by a superior to his subordinate. The subordinate cannot authorize liability.
  3. Authority flows down from a superior to a subordinate. Responsibility moves in upward control from subordinate to superior.
  4. Authority is an entity or power to enforce certain laws, rules, and expectations. Responsibility is an individual who tends to follow and obey some rules specifically assigned to perform a task.
  5. An authoritarian power always admitted with the freedom to make decisions and manage the necessary controls, for the benefit of an organization. In liability, the actions taken by a typically responsible party have a moral, ethical, or rational basis.
  6. Authority flows downward, that is, the intensity of authority is higher in the higher alignment and lower in the lower alignment. On the contrary, the responsibility flows upwards, that is, from the bottom to the top, the subordinate will be responsible for the superior.
  7. The purpose of the authority is to make decisions and finalize them, conversely, the intention of responsibility when executing the tasks assigned by the superior.

Final Thought

One point to think about in relation to authority and responsibility is that while an employee is assigned assured responsibility, the obligatory amount of authority must also be conferred upon him in order for him to operate it. Therefore, the position of authority can only be effective when it opposes the assigned responsibility, that is, if the authority authorized to a person is greater than the responsibility, an abuse of authority results. Also, if the assigned responsibility is greater than the authority, the tasks will also not be performed properly due to the lack of the necessary authority, which will make it ineffective. Therefore, a balance must be maintained between authority and responsibility.

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