Medicine

Difference Between Atherosclerosis and Arteriosclerosis

Main difference

The main difference between atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis is that atherosclerosis develops due to clogging of the arteries by plaque and arteriosclerosis develops due to loss of elastin in the walls of the arteries.

Atherosclerosis vs arteriosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is due to the blockage of the arteries by fatty deposits, while arteriosclerosis is due to the loss of elastin. Atherosclerosis affects the lumen of the arteries, while arteriosclerosis affects the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis develops mainly at the age of thirty, while arteriosclerosis develops mainly at older ages. Atherosclerosis worsens over time; on the other hand, arteriosclerosis is worse even in the early stages. Atherosclerosis does not develop into arteriosclerosis mainly, but arteriosclerosis develops into atherosclerosis in some cases. Atherosclerosis does not show symptoms in the early stages while arteriosclerosis shows symptoms in the early stages.

Comparison chart

atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is defined as the obstruction of the arteries by fatty deposits that harden the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is the disease in which the walls of the arteries become thick and hard because they lose their elasticity.
Etiology
Cholesterol and fat intake Genetic
Risk factor’s
Obesity
Hypertension
Of smoking
alcohol consumption
High serum LDL level
high blood pressure
insulin resistance
Diabetes
Obesity
tobacco use
progression mode
Slowly relatively fast
resulting diseases
stroke, peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, and kidney-related disorders High blood pressure, kidney failure, facial muscle disorders
Symptoms
In early stages asymptomatic, in late stages it shows symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, palpitations and blurred vision. Pressure and in the chest, sudden numbness of the limbs, sagging of the facial muscles, high blood pressure, kidney failure.
Treatment
Plaque removal, stent placement, bypass graft surgery no special treatment
Beneficial Drug Classes
Statins
Antiplatelets
beta blockers
Calcium channel blockers
diuretics
ACE inhibitors
Statins
Antiplatelets
beta blockers
Calcium channel blockers
diuretics
ACE inhibitors

What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is the obstruction of the arteries by fatty substances. When fatty deposits build up, they cause the walls of the arteries to narrow and cause slow blood flow. The slow blood flow reduces the amount of oxygen and nutrients reaching the tissues. The composition of fatty tissues is cholesterol, cellular waste products, fats, fibrin, and calcium. Fat deposits can partially or completely block blood flow, depending on the extent of the blockage of the arteries in the brain, heart, legs, arms, and pelvis. Atherosclerosis precipitates some medical conditions such as coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, and peripheral artery disease. Atherosclerosis also causes stroke, peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease and kidney-related disorders, depending on the type of artery that is blocked. Atherosclerosis begins at a young age and worsens over time. Atherosclerosis progresses slowly, but after thirty, it progresses rapidly and becomes a dangerous disease after fifty. Atherosclerosis has no symptoms initially but after middle age symptoms begin to appear. The exact cause of atherosclerosis is unknown, but there are several risk factors for atherosclerosis, including smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels, obesity, and family history. Atherosclerosis occurs when the endothelium is damaged, leading to the buildup of fatty substances and cholesterol on the walls of the arteries, leading to the buildup of plaque. White blood cells move to the damaged endothelium to clear accumulated fatty substances and cholesterol. but most of the time the white blood cells get stuck in that spot. Plaques sometimes grow to a specific size and then stop growing, and this does not cause any harm. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made on the basis of blood tests, ultrasound, physical examination and CT scan. Plaques sometimes grow to a specific size and then stop growing, and this does not cause any harm. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made on the basis of blood tests, ultrasound, physical examination and CT scan. Plaques sometimes grow to a specific size and then stop growing, and this does not cause any harm. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made on the basis of blood tests, ultrasound, physical examination and CT scan.

What is arteriosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is the disease in which the walls of the arteries become thick and hard because they lose their elasticity. Atherosclerosis causes resistance to blood flow to different organs and tissues of the body. Atherosclerosis is the loss of flexibility of the walls of the arteries due to the loss of elastin. Atherosclerosis is due to old age because elastin is present in youth and elastin is lost in old age. The function of elastin is that it makes the walls of the arteries more flexible so that they can withstand the high pressure of the blood, during exercise and extreme physical activity. When arteries become stiff due to loss of elasticity, they resist blood flow, so the pressure rises as a result and continues to rise as the stiffness of the arteries increases. Atherosclerosis sometimes also develops in atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis shows symptoms like chest pressure, chest pain, sudden numbness of hands or legs, sagging of facial muscles, high blood pressure, painful sensation when walking, and kidney failure. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made through a physical exam, an ankle-brachial index test, an ultrasound, a blood test, a CT scan, a stress test, and an EKG. Risk factors for arteriosclerosis are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and tobacco use in any other form. Atherosclerosis can be treated at an earlier stage if it is diagnosed at an earlier stage. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made through a physical exam, an ankle-brachial index test, an ultrasound, a blood test, a CT scan, a stress test, and an EKG. Risk factors for arteriosclerosis are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and tobacco use in any other form. Atherosclerosis can be treated at an earlier stage if it is diagnosed at an earlier stage. The diagnosis of atherosclerosis is made through a physical exam, an ankle-brachial index test, an ultrasound, a blood test, a CT scan, a stress test, and an EKG. Risk factors for arteriosclerosis are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and tobacco use in any other form. Atherosclerosis can be treated at an earlier stage if it is diagnosed at an earlier stage.

Key differences

  1. Atherosclerosis is caused by fatty deposits in the arteries, while arteriosclerosis is caused by loss of elastin.
  2. Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arterial lumen, while arteriosclerosis affects the walls of the arteries.
  3. Atherosclerosis begins at early ages, on the other hand, arteriosclerosis begins at advanced ages.
  4. Atherosclerosis is a slowly progressive disease, while arteriosclerosis progresses relatively quickly.
  5. Atherosclerosis is due to the excessive use of cholesterol and fats, while arteriosclerosis is based on genetic traits.
  6. Atherosclerosis can be treated through lifestyle changes in the early stages; on the other hand, arteriosclerosis once developed cannot be changed.
  7. Atherosclerosis does not develop into arteriosclerosis in most cases, but arteriosclerosis develops into atherosclerosis in some cases.

Final Thought

The main conclusion from the above discussion is that atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are fatal diseases of the arteries and affect the regulation of various physiological processes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

CAPTCHA


Back to top button