Anatomy

Difference between Aorta and Jugular

The circulatory or cardiovascular apparatus or system is the one through which oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones and other components are distributed throughout the body of almost all living beings. This is almost always made up of the pump: the heart; the blood, which is the medium, and the tubes that are the veins, arteries and capillaries.

In the human body, there are a series of veins and arteries that are of particular relevance. Two of them are the aorta and the jugular. Mentioned more frequently than others, few people really know where they are and what their function is, even confusing them with each other with certain frequency.

Comparison table

Aorta
Jugular
Is it a vein or an artery? Artery Come to
Description The aorta is the main artery of the human body, because the life of each individual depends on its correct functioning. This is responsible for carrying and distributing freshly oxygenated blood from the heart to the entire body. The aorta is the origin of the rest of the arteries in the body (with the exception of the pulmonary arteries). This artery has a diameter of 2.5 cm. The jugular is not a single vein, but a collection of veins. These carry blood from the skull back to the heart to re-oxygenate it. The jugular veins are divided into internal and external. It is sometimes believed that taking the pulse in the neck is done in the jugular, but the truth is that the pulse is measured in the carotid artery, not in the jugular.
Location It starts in the right ventricle of the heart, goes up a bit, and then starts down to the abdomen. In the pelvic area they divide into the two common iliac arteries. The jugular veins are located at the height of the neck and head of the human body.

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