Medicine

Difference Between Animal Cytokinesis and Plant Cytokinesis

Main Difference

Cytokinesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell divides into two other cells that are known as the daughter cell. It usually originates during the final stages of mitosis when the mitotic cell splits into two other cells to ensure that the number of chromosomes in the cell stays the same. This process also takes place in meiosis, but not as often. Since cells are present in both animals and plants, the process of cytokinesis exists in both forms of life. Cytokinesis in animals is different from cytokinesis in plants, and this article will help clarify the variations between these two processes. The first difference between these two is that two different types of cytokinesis take place in plant cells. The first is cleavage cytokinesis and occurs in lower plants while the other is called cell plate cytokinesis and occurs in higher plants. Whereas in animals, only one type of process takes place which is cleavage. During this process, a central body is present in the animal cell, but this central body is absent in plant cells. The next difference between these two is that the vesicles are formed in rows during the cytokinesis of the plant cell in the equatorial plane, these are the ones that fuse to form the cell plates and for the process to start. Since this type does not occurs in animals, no vesicle body. The process in plants begins when this cell plate forms, which usually occurs during telophase. In animals, on the other hand, the process begins when the cell membrane forms, which occurs during anaphase. Due to the complicated process in plants, a wall is always built where the cytokinesis process takes place, while this wall is non-existent in animal cells. The middle part of the body during the plant process remains there as a spindle and is called phragmoplast while cytokinesis in animals, the rod collapses when the cytokinesis process begins. The process is known as centrifugal as the cell plates grow from the center to the ends. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. while this wall is non-existent in animal cells. The middle part of the body during the plant process remains there as a spindle and is called the phragmoplast while cytokinesis in animals, the rod collapses when the cytokinesis process begins. The process is known as centrifugal since the cell plates grow from the center to the ends. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. while this wall is non-existent in animal cells. The middle part of the body during the plant process remains there as a spindle and is called the phragmoplast while cytokinesis in animals, the rod collapses when the cytokinesis process begins. The process is known as centrifugal since the cell plates grow from the center to the ends. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. The process is known as centrifugal as the plates of cells grow from the center to the ends. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. The process is known as centrifugal since the cell plates grow from the center to the ends. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes. There are many other differences between the two which are listed at the end. More paragraphs give a brief description of these two types of processes.

Comparison chart

animal cytokinesis plant cytokinesis
Types There is only one type of cytokinesis in animals (cleavage) Two different types of cytokinesis processes take place in the plant cell (cell plate and cleavage)
Paper The role of these filaments is important during the cytokinesis of animal cells. Microfilaments play no role in plant cytokinesis
Cellular wall There is no wall present in animal cells. There is a wall present in animal cells.
Phase The process begins with the formation of the cell membrane during anaphase. The cell plate begins to form during telophase.

Plant Cytokinesis Definition

Plants have the process of cytokinesis in them, which is more complicated than that of other beings. The process in plants begins when this cell plate forms, which usually occurs during telophase. There are two different types of processes that take place in plants. The first is cleavage cytokinesis and occurs in lower plants while the other is called cell plate cytokinesis and occurs in higher plants. There is no central body that is present in these cells and the middle part of the body during the Herb process remains there as a spindle and is called the phragmoplast. The process is known as centrifugal as the plates of cells grow from the center to the ends. Vesicles also develop in rows during cytokinesis of plant cells in the equatorial plane,

Animal Cytokinesis Definition

The process of cytokinesis in animals is simpler compared to plants, the process begins when the cell membrane forms, which occurs during anaphase, this can also occur during late telophase. During this process, a central body is present in the animal cell. This process in animals is known as centripetal because the formation starts from the ends and reaches the center. There is no support requirement. Therefore, the wall does not exist in animal cells and due to this there is also no cell plate. Microfilaments adequately participate during the process of animal cells. The only type of cytokinesis that takes place in animals is cleavage where the spindle is destroyed and a body is produced in the center of the cell. Similarly, there are no vesicles for animals,

Differences in a nutshell

  1. Two different types of cytokinesis processes take place in the plant cell (cell plate and cleavage) while there is only one type of cytokinesis in animals (cleavage)
  2. Microfilaments do not play any role in plant cytokinesis, while the role of these filaments is important during animal cell cytokinesis.
  3. There is no wall present in animal cells, while the wall is an important component of the process when it takes place in plants.
  4. The process begins with the formation of the cell membrane during anaphase, while animals undergo cytokinesis, the cell plate begins to form during telophase.
  5. The middle part, which is known as the spindle, is destroyed during animal cytokinesis, while the spindle remains intact during animal cytokinesis.
  6. Vesicles are present in rows during plant cytokinesis, while they are absent in animal cytokinesis.
  7. There is a cell plate present in the plant process, but this cell plate is absent in the animal process.
  8. The cell plate grows from the center to the edge, which is why for plants the process is known as centrifugal, the walls rise from one end to the center, which is why in animals it is called.

Final Thought

Cytokinesis is a process that takes place in plants and humans at the same time. The process is the same and the function is similar but the way it is carried out is very different and that is what this article has done, to give the reader an idea of ​​how they differ. Hopefully, I would have been able to learn a lot through him.

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