Biology

Difference between animal and plant cell

They may seem the same but they are not, both animal and plant cells have differences that make them unique and with specific functions.

So what is the difference between animal and plant cell?

We are going to start by explaining all their differences in the following comparative table between both cells.

Comparison table

Animal cell
Plant cell
Cellular wall Absent Present (made of cellulose)
Shape Animal cells tend to be round and irregular. On the other hand, plant cells tend to be rectangular.
vacuoles They have one or more small vacuoles. These are usually much smaller than those of plant cells. They have a single vacuole. This is usually very large, so much so that it usually occupies 90% of the cell volume.
centrioles Centrioles are present in all animal cells. Centrioles are only present in the simplest stock plants.
Chloroplasts Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Plant cells do have chloroplasts, because they make their own food.
Cytoplasm Present between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. Within this “inhabit” most of the cellular organelles. Present between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. Within this “inhabit” most of the cellular organelles.
Ribosomes Present Present
Mitochondria Present Present
Plastids/ Plastids/ Plastids presents presents
Endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth) presents presents
Golgi apparatus Present Present
plasma membrane It can only be found on the cell membrane. It is located both in the cell wall and in the cell membrane.
microfilaments presents presents
Flagella Only some cells have flagella, not all. Only some cells have flagella, not all.
lysosomes present in the cytoplasm. They may exist, but they are not obvious.
Nucleus Present Present
Cilia Present Present in very few plant cells.

Analyzing every difference between cell types

Specifically, the biggest difference between both cells could be that animal cells do not have a cell wall , while plant cells do.

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