So what is the difference between animal and plant cell?
We are going to start by explaining all their differences in the following comparative table between both cells.
|Cellular wall||Absent||Present (made of cellulose)|
|Shape||Animal cells tend to be round and irregular.||On the other hand, plant cells tend to be rectangular.|
|vacuoles||They have one or more small vacuoles. These are usually much smaller than those of plant cells.||They have a single vacuole. This is usually very large, so much so that it usually occupies 90% of the cell volume.|
|centrioles||Centrioles are present in all animal cells.||Centrioles are only present in the simplest stock plants.|
|Chloroplasts||Animal cells do not have chloroplasts.||Plant cells do have chloroplasts, because they make their own food.|
|Cytoplasm||Present between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. Within this “inhabit” most of the cellular organelles.||Present between the nucleus and the plasma membrane. Within this “inhabit” most of the cellular organelles.|
|Plastids/ Plastids/ Plastids||presents||presents|
|Endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)||presents||presents|
|plasma membrane||It can only be found on the cell membrane.||It is located both in the cell wall and in the cell membrane.|
|Flagella||Only some cells have flagella, not all.||Only some cells have flagella, not all.|
|lysosomes||present in the cytoplasm.||They may exist, but they are not obvious.|
|Cilia||Present||Present in very few plant cells.|
Analyzing every difference between cell types
Specifically, the biggest difference between both cells could be that animal cells do not have a cell wall , while plant cells do.