The main difference between alkyl and aryl is that alkyl is a type of functional group that does not contain any aromatic ring while aryl is a type of functional group that contains an aromatic ring.
alkyl vs aryl
Functional groups are called part of organic molecules that show the characteristic properties of a particular molecule. They can be a group of atoms, an atom, or even an ion. Most of the time, these functional groups are responsible for the reactions that the molecule can support. Carboxylic acid groups, alkyl, aryl, alcohols, amine groups, etc. are some of the examples of these functional groups.
An alkyl group is basically considered as an alkane that has a vacant point that was born due to the loss of a hydrogen atom. An aryl group, on the other hand, always comprises an aromatic ring. It is known as a simple aromatic compound that has a ring with a hydrogen atom detached from it, and this is the reason why it allows it to be attached to a carbon chain.
Alkyl groups are considered to be cyclic, branched, or simple, but no aromatic ring is present in this type of functional group. All aryl groups, on the other hand, are derived from benzene structures, with their most common aromatic ring being benzene.
Sometimes people confuse cycloalkyl groups with aromatic groups. But there is a significant difference between them. Cycloalkanes have no double bonds and are saturated, but aromatic rings have double bonds and are unsaturated. There is even a significant difference in their morphology; Cycloalkanes are considered to have three-dimensional structures, while aromatic compounds are considered to have planar structures.
|Functional groups that are derived from alkanes are called alkyl groups.||Functional groups that are derived from aromatic rings are called aryl groups.|
|The alkyl group is considered to have the general formula C n H 2n + 1.||Aryl groups are considered to have no general formula.|
|The smallest alkyl group is the methyl group, which is written as –CH 3 and is derived from the alkane methane (CH 4 ).||The simplest aryl group is phenyl, which has the chemical formula C 6 H 5 and is derived from benzene.|
|Alkyl groups are involved in displaying an aliphatic structure.||The aryl groups participate in the seeding of an aromatic structure.|
|Alkyl groups can have a linear, cyclic or branched morphology.||The aryl groups show a cyclic morphology.|
|type of atoms|
|All alkyl groups have only hydrogen and carbon atoms in their structure.||Aryl groups may have atoms other than carbon and hydrogen atoms.|
|There is no aromatic ring present in the alkyl group.||Aryl groups are composed of aromatic rings.|
|The alkyl group is called a saturated functional group.||The aryl group is called the unsaturated functional group.|
|Compounds containing alkyl groups are less stable.||Compounds containing aryl groups are more stable.|
|The most common example of an alkyl group is the methyl group, which is derived from the alkane methane (CH 4 ).||Some of the examples of aryl groups include phenyl group, which is derived from benzene, and naphthyl group, which is derived from naphthalene.|
Alkyl is the functional group that does not have an aromatic ring. It is a functional group that is present in organic molecules. The alkyl group is considered to have the general formula C n H 2n + 1. This group can have a linear, cyclic or branched morphology. All alkyl groups are considered the saturated functional group because they are derived from alkanes. They are considered to have a vacant point that arose due to the loss of hydrogen atom from alkanes. The most common example of an alkyl group is the methyl group, which is derived from the alkane methane (CH 4 ).
What is Aryl ?
Aryl is the functional group that has an aromatic ring. It is basically a simple aromatic compound with one of its hydrogen atoms missing. Due to this missing hydrogen atom, it becomes capable of bonding to a carbon chain. Substitutions may be present in the aromatic structure of these groups. For example, tolyl is the group that is derived from toluene. Toluene is the benzene ring that was born when a methyl group is replaced. All aryl groups are involved in showing unsaturation. But we cannot consider benzene as the only type of aromatic ring that aryl groups can have.
- Functional groups that are derived from alkanes are called alkyl groups, while functional groups that are derived from aromatic rings are called aryl groups.
- The general formula for the alkyl group is given as CnH2n + 1, while there is no general formula for the aryl group.
- The smallest alkyl group is the methyl group, which is written as –CH3 and is derived from the alkane methane (CH4). By contrast, the simplest aryl group is phenyl, which has the chemical formula C6H5 and is derived from benzene.
- The alkyl group has no aromatic ring; on the other hand, aryl groups are composed of aromatic rings.
- Alkyl groups have the aliphatic structure and on the other hand, aryl groups have the aromatic structure.
- Alkyl groups can have a linear, cyclic, or branched morphology; on the other hand, aryl groups have an essentially cyclic morphology.
- Only hydrogen and carbon atoms are present in the structure of alkyl groups. In contrast, aryl groups may have atoms other than carbon and hydrogen atoms.
- The alkyl group is a saturated functional group; on the other hand, the aryl group is an unsaturated functional group.
- Compounds containing alkyl groups are less stable; on the other hand, the compounds containing the aryl groups are more stable.
- The most common example of an alkyl group is the methyl group which has been derived from alkane methane (CH4), while some of the examples of aryl groups include the phenyl group which has been derived from benzene and the naphthyl group which has been derived from of the naphthalene.