Difference between aggressiveness and violence

The terms aggressiveness and violence can easily be confused with each other. However, these are concepts with different meanings. However, and without ceasing to be different concepts, there is a point of convergence in which aggressiveness becomes violence. So it could be said that both are part of the same process, but in different parts of it.

As for aggressiveness, this is a set of natural behaviors for both animals and humans that consists of the tendency to react or act furiously, fiercely. Instead, violence is a social construct born from interactions between people similar to aggressiveness, but with much more socio-cognitive load.

Comparison chart

Nature Aggression is a multidimensional phenomenon. Initially this concept emerged as one belonging to biology. Biologically speaking, aggressiveness is an animal behavior that is based on the principle of provocation-attack. Many psychologists and biologists have described aggressiveness as an instinct or a set of instincts related to sexuality and territoriality. On the other hand, violence is a behavior originally unnatural to human beings. Violence is the product of some sociocultural patterns combined with different cognitive processes. This is molded from social roles, different ideologies, values ​​and other principles of this same nature. In fact, violence is a kind of transformation of the aggressiveness process.
factors The factors that generate aggressiveness are mostly unconscious. Aggressiveness is a principle that seeks self-protection, our own well-being and ours. Violence is loaded with treachery, premeditation and intentionality. Violence seeks to harm with or without reason, it does not necessarily respond to the principle of provocation-attack.
Definition On the one hand, aggressiveness can be considered an instinct. This is present in both humans and animals. Aggressiveness stems from the need to defend themselves and others (close to them) from the environment around them. It is a tool in the process of adapting to a new environment, in which you have to be constantly alert and in which you have to protect your integrity. The survival instinct greatly influences aggressiveness. Finally, it is a tool that prevents living beings from undesirable situations. Due to its psycho-biological origin, it is closely linked to sexuality and territoriality. Violence, on the other hand, is born as part of social interactions between humans. This is defined as the physical and / or mental coercion that is exerted on another person in order to reduce their will and subject them to the will of someone else. This product is not present in biological relationships between animals other than humans. This behavior is learned or imitated, which is why violent homes generate people with a normalized perspective about violence. Due to its sociocultural origin, violence is linked to power struggles, hierarchies and domination and repression.
Types Aggression can have various levels of intensity. It can range from gestures, body movements (body language), language and intonation to physical contact, that is, pushing, kicking, hitting, etc. Similarly, violence can occur at various levels (language, physical contact, indirectly and even sexual). However, violence is rather classified as direct, structural, cultural, against others, self-inflicted, physical, emotional, intellectual, criminal, political, economic, pathological, etc.

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