In the language, both oral and written, the use of adverbs and adjectives is common, because these are words that are used to qualify other words. Likewise, their function is to complement words or verbs and their correct use gives meaning to the various sentences that we use on a daily basis, in addition to modifying or specifying situations or conditions within them.
Syntax is a branch of linguistics that deals with the relationship of words to each other, therefore, this branch delimits the use and function of the different types of words. Adverb and Adjective
There are eight parts of speech. Of which, adjectives and adverbs are commonly juxtaposed as they describe more about another part of speech. Adjectives are mainly used to provide additional information about a noun or a pronoun, i.e. people, places, animals, and things. On the other hand, adverbs are used to give you additional details about a verb, adjective, or adverb. We see the Difference between Adverb and Adjective. Adverb and Adjective
Now, adverbs and adjectives are two different types of words. Its meaning, use and functions are described below.
Suggested Difference: Difference Between Noun and Adjective
What is an adverb? Adverb and Adjective
An adverb is one of the eight parts of speech that gives a description of a verb, adjective, clause or adverb or provides additional information about it. It acts as an intensifier , in the sense that it gives emphasis. There are adverbs of time, place, degree, frequency, manner, affirmation, negation or doubt.
- I will do it carefully .
- She has done the job really well .
- Actually, I feel the same way too.
- I trust you completely
- Fortunately , I got the train.
- I’m so sorry
- José works far away.
- I have not arrived yet.
- I did poorly on this exam.
- I actually liked the book.
- He may not come today.
What is an adjective? Adverb and Adjective
An adjective is a term that we use in our sentence to expose the meaning of a noun or a pronoun, that is, it acts as a modifier of a noun, to indicate the quality of what is mentioned, express its quantity, extension or highlight something that is rare in nature. In a nutshell, the adjective limits the meaning of a noun or a pronoun. Adverb and Adjective
There are two main types of adjectives, qualifying and demonstrative, as well as others that do not fall under any of these characteristics.
In general, an adjective is placed after the noun or pronoun it describes. Here are some examples of an adjective:
Suggested Difference: Difference between must and have to
- I met an older woman .
- It was a sunny day .
- Luis Sánchez is a great businessman.
- The Ganges is a holy river .
- History class is boring .
- Monica is a lazy girl .
- The house is small.
- This chair is old.
- He is cute.
- That cup is very fragile.
- That hammock is yellow.
- That dog is very affectionate.
A compound adjective is one that is formed by combining two or more words with a hyphen. There are three forms of adjectives, which are commonly called degrees of the adjective. When the adjective appears in its regular form, it is called as a positive degree. The other two degrees are used for comparison purposes i.e. comparative degree and superlative degree.
Suggested Difference: Difference between in and on
Below is an explanatory table in which the basic differences between adverbs and adjectives are indicated :
|The adverb qualifies the verb, the adjective or another adverb.||The adjective is the one that qualifies the noun.|
|The adverb is an invariable word, since it does not admit variations of gender and number.||The adjective is a variable word, since it admits variations of gender and number.|
Suggested Difference: Difference Between Language and Dialect
Difference between Adverb and Adjective
The difference between adverb and adjective can be clearly understood as follows. In grammar, the adjective is among the eight parts of speech that identify and describe a noun or a pronoun, i.e. person, place, animal, or thing. On the contrary, an adverb is also one of the parts of speech, which gives you more information about a verb, adjective or any other adverb.
While an adjective qualifies a noun or pronoun, the adverb is used to modify the verb, clause, phrase, adjective, preposition, and conjunction. This is another difference between adverb and adjective. Adverb and Adjective
Adjective provides answers to questions such as what, how many, what kind, etc. In contrast, adverbs will answer questions like how, when, where, how much, how often, to what extent, etc.
Suggested Difference: Difference Between Conduct and Behavior
Differences between Adjective and Adverb in points Adverb and Adjective
- Adjectives are words that are used to change or complement a noun.
- Adverbs are words that change or complete a verb or verbal phrase.
- The function of the adjective is to consider a noun. Express, specify or accentuate the concrete or abstract characteristics applied to a noun.
- Adverbs have the task of expressing circumstances such as manner, place, statement, place and time. It is a circumstantial complement of a verb.
- Adjectives always complete nouns.
- Adverbs perfect verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Suggested Difference: Difference Between Prejudice and Stereotypes
Classification of adverbs
Adverb types are defined according to the circumstance that the adverb exposes. This circumstance can be of place, time, mode, intensity, doubt, affirmation, negation and interrogative.
Adverb of place Adverb and Adjective
Here, there, there, here, there, behind, near, below, above, inside, outside, beyond, ahead, left, right, from above, where, above, opposite, etc. Adverb and Adjective
- To reach my destination, I had to turn left .
- The box is stored inside the wardrobe.
- Wait for me here .
Adverb of time
Now, now, yet, tomorrow, early, afternoon, always, never, yesterday, the day before yesterday, tomorrow, today, today, soon, later, in the afternoon, in the morning, at night, etc.
- Yesterday we went to the pizzeria.
- She arrived too late .
- I always liked you.
Suggested Difference: Difference between verse and stanza
So, well, badly, quickly, slowly, silently, etc. There are also words ending in “mind”, such as happily, slowly, quickly, hastily, intensely, eagerly, quietly, happily, etc.
- I quickly returned home.
- I opened the door slowly .
- This text was poorly written.
Adverb of intensity
A lot, a little, a lot, after, less, so, so much, almost, too much, just, indeed, at all, etc.
- During class, the student talked too much .
- I almost got the maximum grade.
- He did very well.
Adverb of doubt
Perhaps, possibly, probably, possibly, perhaps, perhaps, perhaps, etc.
- Maybe I can make it in time.
- I will probably be hired.
- Class will likely start at 8 am.
Adverb of affirmation
Yes, indeed, indeed, indeed, certainly, without a doubt, for sure, etc.
- I will certainly go to class tomorrow.
- Yes , I am aware of everything.
- She really is the best option for the job.
Suggested Difference: Differences between Some and Any
Adverb of negation
No, never, never, not at all, not at all, absolutely, etc.
- Never ask me again to come here.
- I will never go back to that restaurant.
- No , I prefer fruit.
Where, where, when, how, why, why etc.
- I don’t know why you said that.
- Where are you going?
- When will we go back to the beach?
Inflection of adverbs
Although they are invariant, adverbs admit some kind of inflection of degree. There are two degrees of adverb: comparative and superlative.
The comparative degree can be equality , superiority and inferiority .
- He arrived as late as his colleague. (equality)
- He arrived later than his colleague. (superiority)
- He arrived less late than his colleague. (inferiority)
The superlative degree can be analytical and synthetic . In the case of the analytic degree, the indication of degree increase is made by another adverb. In the case of synthetic, the presence of a suffix is what indicates the degree.
Examples: Adverb and Adjective
- I arrived very early . (analytical)
- I arrived very early . (synthetic)
Suggested Difference: Difference between hearing and listening
It is an expression formed by two or more words with the value of adverb. Example: sometimes on horseback, on foot, at home, live, haphazardly, on purpose, suddenly, from time to time, beside, in the midst of, etc. Adverb and Adjective
- Suddenly we were informed that the event would no longer take place.
- The church is next to the house .
- I do this with pleasure .
Inflections of adjectives
Adjectives have some types of inflections: gender (masculine and feminine), number (singular and plural) and degree (comparative and superlative).
Gender bending Adverb and Adjective
The adjective must agree in gender with the noun it qualifies. If the noun is masculine, the adjective must be masculine. If the noun is feminine, the adjective must be feminine.
Examples: Adverb and Adjective
- The dish was cold .
- The lasagna was cold .
- The athlete is fast .
- The athlete is fast .
All of these adjectives listed above (cold/cold, fast/rapid) are called biforms , as they vary by gender. The same can be said of the adjectives Portuguese/Portuguese, glutton/glutton, Brazilian/Brazilian and conqueror/conqueror.
However, there are invariant adjectives, regardless of whether the noun is masculine or feminine. These adjectives are called uniforms . It is the case of fragile, simple, bad and loyal.
Suggested Difference: Difference between what and what with an accent
Number inflection Adverb and Adjective
In the same way that an adjective behaves in relation to gender, it behaves in relation to number. It is a matter of agreement. If the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural . If the noun is singular, the adjective must be singular .
Examples: Adverb and Adjective
- This model proved to be effective .
- These models proved to be effective .
- That chair is uncomfortable .
- Those chairs are uncomfortable .
There is a variation of degree in an adjective when one wants to intensify or compare. Thus, the adjective can have two types of degrees: the comparative (which compares qualities) and the superlative (which intensifies qualities).
The comparative degree can be of superiority (higher than), of equality (as high as) and inferiority (less high than).
The superlative degree indicates intensification of the characteristic attributed to the noun. This intensification can occur in a relative or absolute way.
In the relative superlative degree , there is the idea of putting the noun in relation to something else. The relative degree can be of superiority (This tree is the tallest in the square) and of inferiority (This tree is the least green in the square).
The absolute superlative degree expresses the idea of excess. It can be synthetic (The tree was very tall) and analytical (The tree was very tall). Adverb and Adjective
Suggested Difference: Difference Between Diphthong and Adipthong
Types of adjectives
Adjectives are classified according to their structure. They can be simple, compound, primitive and derivative.
Simple adjectives Adverb and Adjective
Simple adjectives have a structure formed by a single stem (which is the basic component of the word). The simple adjective rich, for example, is formed by a single radical (ric).
Compound adjectives Adverb and Adjective
Compound adjectives have at least two radicals in their structure. Adverb and Adjective
- sky blue
- Deaf mute
Suggested Difference: Differences between British and American English
Primitive adjectives are those that do not derive from another word . In fact, these adjectives serve as the basis for the formation of other words. Adverb and Adjective
Derived adjectives Adverb and Adjective
Derived adjectives are formed by other words . They result from adding a prefix or suffix to a stem.
Adjectives can refer to cities, countries, continents, states or regions to which a person or institution belongs.
- Amazon (from the Amazon)
- Bahia (from Bahia)
- Santa Catarina (from Santa Catarina)
- Bulgarian (from Bulgaria)
- New Zealander (from New Zealand)
Patriotic adjectives can be compounded, making it necessary to reduce the first element that forms the adjective.
Examples: Adverb and Adjective
- French-Asian (France and Asia)
- African American (Africa and America)
- Greco-Roman (Greece and Rome)
Suggested Difference: Differences between Pronouns and Determiners
Adjective phrase Adverb and Adjective
The adjective phrase is any expression (two or more words) that appear in place of an adjective. Ex.: mother’s love, country house, evaluation by month. The adjective phrase always begins with a preposition. Adverb and Adjective
Most adjective phrases are replaced by a corresponding adjective. Ex: maternal love, country house, monthly evaluation.