In this order of ideas, two very important elements intervene in this field, such as administration and educational management, which constitute professional disciplines that comprise a set of specific and different actions, which we will detail below.
Mainly, educational administration is understood as the process through which organizational models are designed and applied that foster innovation and offer a response to the educational needs of society. Thus, it refers to the adequate and correct disposal of goods and resources for the optimization and development of everything related to the educational system, among which we can mention:
- Definition of educational policies.
- Formulation of academic and administrative regulations.
- Distribution of financial resources for the educational system.
- Construction of school buildings.
- Monitoring, evaluation and investigation.
Finally, the educational administration is oriented towards centralized, bureaucratic and individualistic work, since the authority to carry out the administrative work and, therefore, exercise power in decision-making is delegated to a single person (the educational manager). This conceives the school as a closed system in which certain activities must be planned, executed and the results controlled.
Briefly, educational management is understood as the set of interrelated actions carried out by a group of people in charge of directing the educational system at its macro (system) and micro (institution) levels, in order to make it possible to achieve pedagogical intentionality for the benefit of the educational community, this being understood as the total number of people that make it up, such as students, parents and guardians, the teaching team, the management team, the community adjacent to the institutions and other actors involved.
In this way, educational management seeks to generate new spaces for discussion and decision-making where the strategy, systems, institutions, people and the main objectives of the institutions are taken into consideration. Its primary function is to center, focus and articulate the educational community around student learning and is oriented towards the decentralization of decision-making, the flexibility of processes and participatory work.
In view of the above, the differences between educational administration and educational management can be summarized as:
|Educative administration||Education Management|
|Educational administration refers to the adequate and correct disposal of goods and resources for the optimization and development of everything related to the educational system.||Educational management refers to actions whose purpose is to enable the achievement of pedagogical intentionality for the benefit of the educational community.|
|The educational administration emphasizes centralized, bureaucratic and individualistic work.||Educational management is oriented towards the decentralization of decision-making, the flexibility of processes and participatory work.|
|The educational administration conceives the school as a closed system in which it is necessary to plan certain activities, execute them and control the results.||Educational management conceives the school as an open system that unfolds processes of action and purpose in relation to its social environment.|