Biology

Difference between abiotic and biotic

Main difference

In biology and ecology, abiotic refers to all non-living factors present in the ecosystem. We can say that all the non-living components that make up an ecosystem are abiotic components or factors. On the other hand, all those factors present in the ecosystem that live in nature are called Biotic Factors. We can also say that the living organism in a particular ecosystem or environment are its components or biotic factors. Common biotic factors in an ecosystem include animals, birds, plants, humans, bacteria, fungi, algae, etc. Common abiotic components of an ecosystem include water, air, minerals, rocks, light, etc.

Comparative chart

Abiotic Biotic
Definition Abiotic is the biological and ecological term that refers to all the non-living components present in an ecosystem. Biotic is the biological and ecological term that refers to all the living components present in an ecosystem.
Role in the ecosystem The main role of abiotic components is to create boundaries for the living organism in a particular ecosystem such as water, air, etc. They are responsible for the maintenance and regulation of the ecosystem environment and the food process chain at all levels.
It affects These factors affect the living organism and its ability to survive and live within a particular type of ecosystem. Suitable living organisms dealing with abiotic factors can only survive. Living factors influence non-living factors as they are responsible for many processes like decomposition etc. that are directly involved at the level of abiotic factors.
Scope They are present in all parts of the world. They are also found in almost every part of the hemisphere.
Example Water, soil, rocks, mountains, air, humidity, sunlight, etc. Animals, birds, plants, humans, bacteria, algae, fungi, microorganisms, etc.
What is abiotic?

The term abiotic refers to all non-living components and factors present in an ecosystem or environment. In Biology and Ecology, factors or components that are not alive in nature are called abiotic components. We can also say that the non-living factors that make up an ecosystem are known as Abiotic Factors. The common type of abiotic factors that are present in almost all types of ecosystems are water, air, soil, light, mountains, rocks, minerals, etc. The ecosystem is a system that comprises all the abiotic and biotic factors present within a particular environment that interact with each other and depend on the actions of each one. The study of the ecosystem and its biological and non-living components is called Ecology. Abiotic factors are the non-living components of an ecosystem that affect the life and style of the living components accordingly. The main ecosystems of the world include the desert, forests, oceans, etc. They are also known as a chemical or physical component of an ecosystem.

What is biotic?

Biotic is the term that is used for the living organisms present in an ecosystem. In biology and ecology, biotic components or factors are all the living organisms present in a particular ecosystem. For example animals, birds, humans, bacteria, fungi, algae and all the microorganisms present in any of the specific ecosystem all are correlated with each other and do influence each other lives collaborating with the non-living factors. All the examples mentioned above are the most common and most widely found biotic components that are present in almost every kind of ecosystem. Biotic factors living in any ecosystem or environment are quite influenced by each other and especially by Abiotic factors. The biotic components include from all the levels of living organisms. It includes the producers, consumers, decomposers, etc. All the living organisms present in the food chain like primary producers, herbivores, omnivore, carnivores, etc. Living organisms also do influence the abiotic factors as they are responsible for the decomposition and another various process similar to it.

Abiotic versus biotic
  • Abiotic is the term that refers to all non-living components and factors present in a particular ecosystem or environment.
  • Biotic is the biological and ecological term that refers to all living organisms present in the world’s ecosystems.
  • Water, soil, air, rocks, minerals, mountains, sunlight are common examples of abiotic factors.
  • Birds, plants, animals, bacteria, humans, algae, fungi, and all microorganisms are examples of biotic factors.
  • Both abiotic and biotic components depend on each other for the successful existence of an ecosystem.

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